Although the smallest of all the Andean countries, The Republic of Ecuador holds historical, cultural and natural wonders befitting an entire continent. Straddling not only two hemispheres but also two worlds - the ancient and the modern - this tiny republic with its remnants of past civilizations and Spanish conquests offers the traveler a strikingblend of landscapes, peoples and cultures.
From ancient markets of the indigenous peoples, Amazon tributaries, Inca ruins, Andean peaks, 16th century churches, and the wildlife-rich Galapagos Islands, Ecuador boasts an incredible diversity which belies its diminutive size. Indigenous cultures, tropical forests, active volcanoes, and a wealth of animal and bird life are all highlyaccessible within a matter of hours in a country no bigger than the U.S. State of Colorado.
Once the Inca Empire's northernmost territory, successive waves of invaders have left their indelible mark on the country. The remains of Inca and pre-Inca fortresses dot hill tops across the Sierra, while in the highland valleys Quechua-speaking Indiana sell traditional handicrafts in thousand year oldmarkets. The beautifully preserved cities of Quito and Cuenca, both rich in 16th century art and architecture, and the elegant colonial haciendas found throughout the conquests and three hundred years of Spanish rule.
SIZE: 175.780 square miles
POPULATION: 12 million
PRINCIPAL PORT: GUAYAQUIL
LANGUAGES: Spanish Quichua, quechua and other indigenouslanguages. English is commonly spoken as a second language.
CURRENCY: U.S. dollar
RELIGIONS: 90% Roman Catholic with a small minority of other Christian denominations.
TYPRE OF GOVERMENT: DEMOCRACY
PRESIDENT: Ec. Rafael Correa
CLIMATE: Temperatures and rainfall vary depending on the region, altitude and seasonal factors.
Quito, in the northern Andes, has an temperature varying from 45° to 74° F.The rainy season is typically from September to June, varying from 4 to 7 inches per month.
Guayaquil, on the pacific coast, has a temperature that varies from 75
North Seymour Island, in the Galapagos, typically has variations in temperatures from 88 F in March and April, to 75 F in August and September. January through April is the rainy season, but even then rainfall rarely exceeds2 inches per month.
GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS IN ECUADOR
THE ANDES REGION OF ECUADOR
The highlands of the Ecuadorian Andes with its alluring beauty, are an amazing and unique place due to the multiplicity of landscapes and surroundings. It lends itself to the variety of activities and adventures we could have without the need of large and elaborate arrangements.
Although small insize, Ecuador is a country with unexplored or barely explored places. Its mountains hide beautiful and exotic nooks enticing those who love all kinds of adventure. Snow covered volcanoes, some currently active; green valleys and white water rivers; clouded forests and paramo plateaus filled with wildlife; old villages as if time had stood still form part of an amazing variety of attractionsawaiting to be discovered by those who are willing and ready to go beyond the frequently used roads. Ancient trails, some dating to pre-Inca times, await for you to trek on foot, or horseback, or mountain bike through the most beautiful and spectacular places normally hidden to large touring groups.
Discover the Andes of Ecuador meandering through unused trails that will reveal the magic and beautyof the wildest landscapes. Or, white water rafting or kayaking down river towards the Pacific lowlands or towards the rain forest in the Amazon. Both the eastern and western slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes are covered by dense clouded forests that within an atmosphere of enchantment and mystery hide an enormous variety of birds, orchids, butterflies, infinity of plants and other animals that...