Isabella I of Castile (in Spanish called Isabel la Católica) was primarily one of the main founders of the Spanish Empire, and Empire that lasted as the most powerful statethroughout the XVI-XVII centuries.
Isabella was born on April 22, 1451 daughter of John II King of Castile and his brother Henry, was in the line of succession to the throne.
Isabella’s childhoodwas turmoil because the nobility across the Iberian Peninsula caused severe weakness in the throne, thus leaving all of her family quite vulnerable to nobility military campaigns or rallies.
Later onat the age of 18 Isabella married Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Aragon, and Henry eventually made Isabella his heir. Once he died Isabella made herself queen of Castile and made an alliance withPortugal thus uniting all of the Christian Kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula.
Isabella and Ferdinand ruled together a united Spain and perhaps a united Iberian Peninsula, once they started the reign,immediately a “program” to reduce the power of the nobles was established, and this was possible with the creation of the military force known “The Holy Brotherhood” with the main goal of protectingthe people and property from attacks of the nobility.
Isabella and Ferdinand “restarted” the reconquista war that was practically stalled since the times of Alfonso. Isabella brought to the SpanishArmy new state-of-the-art weaponry such as cannons and muskets to make the siege of Granada, a very decisive battle, to be won and thus uniting completely all the Iberian Peninsula under one banner andone “official” religion.
Isabella heavily supported Columbus voyages and thanks to her the further royal expeditions to America and the future Inca-Mexica conquest the Spanish kingdom wastransformed into a Colonial power and into a financial rich reign.
The catholic religion was a priority to Isabella thus giving her the nickname of Isabella “The Catholic,” and this was thanks to the heavy...