The first inhabitants of England were small bands of hunters. During the Stone Age came waves of new people to the island (circa 4000 BC). They developed a farming culture in the south and built huge monuments of Stonehenge and Avebury. From the year 800 BC C., during the Bronze Age, the Celts invaded England.
With its superior weaponry subjected the indigenousinhabitants. On the one hand, introduced the Gaelic and Breton, which is still spoken today in parts of the British Isles.
On the other hand, introduced changes to the plow and cultivation. Their priests, the Druids, dominated society. Rome Roman Britain invaded the island in 43 AD, and only took seven years to overcome the resistance of indigenous people and control most of the territory. Scottishand Welsh tribes were the toughest people to conquer, and contain built Hadrian's Wall in northern England.
The Romans brought stability, paved roads, and Christianity. Though the Romanization only evident in some cities. The rest of the field kept the Celtic culture. By 409, Rome left Britain in the twilight of his rule.
The first inhabitants of England. However, in the eleventh century theDanes managed to dominate the country, imposing their kings for some years. The House of Normandy William of Normandy arrived on the coast of southern England in 1066 with an army of 12,000 men. At the Battle of Hastings defeated his rival for the throne and proclaimed himself king and founded the Norman dynasty.
Norman feudalism became the basis of the redistribution of land among theconquerors and England was a new aristocracy and a renewed social and political structure. With Stephen of Blois (1135-1154) ended the Norman dynasty. This period was characterized by the struggle with France and the alliance of power with the Church.
The House of Angevin The first king of the House of Angevin Henry II (1154-1189), had a difficult rule clashes with the Church and the nobles. WithRichard the Lionheart and John Lackland problems worsened. The conflict ended with the granting of the Magna Carta (1215), which had limited the authority of the crown and Parliament created, divided into the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
The independence of Scotland in the thirteenth century international relations were chaired by the constant wars with France and Scotland. Not all werewins, but England grew and annexed Ireland, Aquitaine and Wales.
The bloodiest conflicts were with the kingdom of Scotland, which proclaimed its independence in 1306. The Hundred Years War during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377), broke with all the confrontation with France virulence, eternal rival. The war lasted one hundred and twenty years and met various stages.
At first the Englishwere great victory. However, the French soon took the intervention of Edward, in favor of Pedro the Cruel, the internal conflict of the Kingdom of Castile and Leon and recovered the lost territories except Calais, Bayonne and Bordeaux. The House of Lancaster and the House of York The fifteenth century internal conflicts in England led the country to live the royalist establishment of two houses inless than one hundred years: the House of Lancaster and York House.
Henry V won a memorable victory against the French, but after his death and taking advantage of internal disorders in England (1449), France regained Normandy and Guyana. After that the British supported the Duke of York, but was finally his son, who reigned. Although brief, the reign of the House of York was bloody andunpopular. In 1485, Henry Tudor landed in Wales and defeated the tyrant Henry VI.
The House of Tudor Henry VII Tudor (1485-1509) was the first of a dynasty that brought great glory to England. The repression exerted on the nobility led the growth of a bourgeoisie in which Tudor is supported, not only to fight other contenders to the throne, but also to deal with the Catholic Church absorbent. In the...