Jackson Pollock was the first American abstract painter to be taken seriously in Europe.
Born to Stella McClure and LeRoy McCoy Pollock, JacksonPollock was the fifth and youngest son. He was originally from Cody, Wyoming, but was raised in Arizona and California.
Jackson was attending Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles when he wasencouraged to pursue his interest in art. His oldest brother, Charles, went to New York to study with painter Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League. He suggested that Jackson join him and, in 1930,Pollock moved east and enrolled in Benton’s class. He studied Old Master paintings and mural paintings. He also posed for his teacher’s 1930 murals at the New School for Social Research. Also at workat this time was Mexican muralist José Clemente Orozco. He was also exposed to David Alfaro Siquieros. Their experimental techniques and large scale art had a lasting impact on Pollock.
Around thistime, Pollock was invited to participate in a group exhibition. Here, is where he met his future wife Lee Krasner. His work also came to the attention of Peggy Guggenheim, the wealthy New York heiresswhose money built the Guggenheim Museum. She became his dealer and patron, introducing his work to audiences. In November 1943, she gave him a solo exhibition and a contract guaranteeing himone-hundred fifty dollars a month for a year.
In 1945, Guggenheim lent Pollock the down payment on a small house in The Springs on East Hampton, Long Island. He and his wife lived there till their deaths andtheir house is now the Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center.
Here he began creating his characteristic large scale artwork. His work was praised and dismissed at the same time. But he was gainingsignificant attention with a number of one- person exhibitions. While he was widely known in the New York art world, the rest of the world was introduced to him in August of 1949, when Life magazine...