Japones

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  • Publicado : 15 de mayo de 2011
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クラスにようこぞ!Kurasu ni youkoso! Welcome to the class!

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Song: Hishoku no Sora (Crimson Sky)
Artist: Mami Kawada
Source: Shakugan no Shana – 1stOpening

Japanese Through Music
Season 3, Class #8
Wednesday 3/2/11

♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪♪

Chorus 3

すべて = subete = everything; all; the whole; entirely; in general; wholly; overall
捧げて(ささげて)= sasagete = offer (te form of the verb sasageru)
捧げる(ささげる)= sasageru = to lift up; to give; to offer; to consecrate; to devote; to sacrifice; to dedicate

Te form used to link two actions insuccession “offered up and flew down”

TE form:
Ichidan verbs (-ru verbs): change the final “ru” to “te”
Godan verbs (-u verbs): change the final vowel stem to the correct ending
Godan endings: u, ru, tsu change to “tte”,
ku changes to “ite”,
gu changes to “ ide”,
su changes to “shite”,
bu, mu, nu change to “nde”
Irregular verbs: kuru becomes kite; suru becomesshite; iku becomes itte

舞い降りた(まいおりた)= maiorita = flew down (plain past form of the verb maioriru)
舞い降りる(まいおりる)= maioriru = to fly down; to swoop down upon; to alight (Ichidan verb)

Plain past (ta form):
Ichidan verbs (-ru verbs): change the final “ru” to “ta”
Godan verbs (-u verbs): change the final vowel stem to the correct ending
Godan endings: u, ru, tsu change to “tta”,
ku changesto “ita”,
gu changes to “ ida”,
su changes to “shita”,
bu, mu, nu change to “nda”
Irregular verbs: kuru becomes kita; suru becomes shita; iku becomes itta

地(ち)= chi = earth; ground; land; soil
冴える(さえる)= saeru = to master (a skill); to excel at; to cleanly execute
刃(やいば)= yaiba = blade; sword
一つ(ひとつ)= hitotsu = (after a noun) only
で = de = particle showing the means of the action;“by”; “with”
闇(やみ)= yami = darkness; the dark; black-marketeering; dark; shady; illegal
を = wo = particle marking the direct object of the sentence (闇 = darkness)
斬る(きる)= kiru = to kill (a human) using a blade (sword, machete, knife, etc.); to slice (off); to lop (off); to cut (off) (Godan verb – ru ending)
いつだって = itsudatte = always; at any time
胸(むね)= mune = breast; chest; heart
の = no =particle that makes a noun or noun phrase describe another noun
奥(おく)= oku = interior; inner part; inside
の = no = particle that makes a noun or noun phrase describe another noun
光(ひかり)= hikari = light
瞬かせて(まばたかせて)= mabatakasete = let twinkle (causative + te form of the verb mabataku)
瞬く(まばたく)= mabataku = to twinkle (e.g. stars); to flicker; to waver; to blink (one's eyes); to wink (Godanverb – ku ending)
この = kono = this (refers to a thing close to the speaker), used with a noun
一身*(み) = mi = oneself
Irregular kanji usage; should be:
身 (み) = mi = body; oneself; one's place; one's position; main part; meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.)
一身 (いっしん) = isshin = oneself; one's own interests; throughout the body
一身 (いちみ) = ichime = partisans; gang; conspirators
“一”may there to signify that it is only one person, one body, one oneself (redundant)

で = de = particle showing the means of the action; “by”; “with”
この一身で = by myself; “by this body”
使命(しめい)= shimei = mission; errand; message
果たしてゆく(はたしてゆく) = hatashite yuku = accomplish (change of state in the future); continuing to do one’s duty; to carry out (te + yuku form of the verb hatasu)
果たす(はたす) =hatasu = to accomplish; to fulfill; to carry out; to achieve (Godan verb – su ending)
Te form + yuku = to continue; expresses a continuous action or a change of state in the future (same as te + iku)
まで = made = until; till doing; as far as

Chorus 2

空(そら) = sora = sky
に = ni = particle showing location of an action; “in”; “at”
滲んだ (にじんだ)= nijinda = blotted (plain past form of the...
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