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Contacts: Ian Graham or Alan Wills +44-161-225 3240; clive@trireme.com
Copyright © MMI – Trireme International Ltd. All rights reserved
UML – a tutorial
UML – a tutorial.....................................................................................................1
1 The history of object-oriented analysis and design methods .............................2
2 Software engineering......................................................................................7
2.1 Responsibility-driven versus data-driven approaches ..............................12
2.2 Translational versus elaborational approaches ........................................13
3 Object-oriented analysis and design using UML............................................13
3.1 Types and classes....................................................................................13
3.1 Object structures.....................................................................................18
3.2 Using use cases to discover types ............................................................28
3.3 Invariants andrulesets............................................................................35
3.4 Invariants and encapsulation ..................................................................43
3.5 State models ...........................................................................................45
3.6 Moving to component design..................................................................48
3.8 The design process.................................................................................55
3.9 Documenting models..............................................................................57
3.10 Real-time extensions.............................................................................58
4 Identifying objects.........................................................................................60
4.2 Taskanalysis...........................................................................................65
4.3 Kelly grids...............................................................................................68
5 CASE tools ...................................................................................................71
6 Patterns, architecture and decoupled design..................................................73
6.1 Design patterns for decoupling ................................................................87
7 Designing components ..................................................................................97
7.1 Components for flexibility ....................................................................100
7.2 Large-scale connectors.........................................................................101
7.3 Mapping the business model to the implementation..............................103
8 Notation summary.......................................................................................105
8.1 Object modelling symbols.....................................................................105
8.2 Action (use case) modellingsymbols ........................................................110
8.3 Sequence and collaboration diagram symbols ..........................................110
8.4 State modelling symbols...........................................................................112
8.5 Action or activity diagram symbols ..........................................................114
8.6 Implementation andcomponent modelling symbols .................................115
8.7 Collaborations and patterns......................................................................116
8.8 Real-time notation: ports and connectors..................................................116
9 Further reading ...........................................................................................117
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