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Culture of Australia

The demographics of Australia show it to be one of the most urbanized populations in the world, with the majority of Australians living incities on the coast. Australia's cities are melting pots of different cultures. The indigenous Aboriginal culture survived the first influx of immigrants of Anglo-Irishheritage, who are still the most pervasive immigrant group. The great post-World War II influx of both English and non English-speaking migrants from Britain, Ireland,Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Malta and Eastern Europe, and later from the Middle East, East and South-East Asia, and the Indian subcontinent have been significantadditions. Lesser numbers of immigrants have also come from the African and American continents.

Although Australia has no official language, it islargely monolingual with English being the "de facto" national language. Australian English has its own distinctive accent and vocabulary. According to the 2001 census, English is theonly language spoken in the home for around 80% of the population. The next most common languages spoken at home are Chinese (2.1%), Italian (1.9%), and Greek (1.4%). Aconsiderable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual. Australia has a sign language known as Auslan, which is the main language of about6,500 deaf people.
It is believed that there were between 200 and 300 Australian Aboriginal languages at the time of first European contact, but only about 70 of theselanguages have survived and all but 20 of these are now endangered. An indigenous language is the main language for about 50,000 people (0.25% of the population)
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