John R. "Johnny" Cash(1932 –2003), born J. R. Cash, was an American singer-songwriter, actor, and authorwho has been called one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century. Although he isprimarily remembered as a country music artist, his songs and sound spanned many other genres including rockabilly and rock and roll as well as blues, folk, and gospel.
Cash was known for his deepand distinctive voice, the boom-chick-a-boom or "freight train" sound of his Tennessee Three backing band, for providing free concerts inside prison walls; and for his dark performance clothing, whichearned him the nickname "The Man in Black" He started all his concerts with the simple introduction "Hello, I'm Johnny Cash."
His signature songs include "I Walk the Line", "Folsom Prison Blues","Ring of Fire", and "The Man in Black".
Born J. R. Cash in Kingsland, Arkansas, Cash was given the name "J.R." because his parents could not agree on a name, only on initials. When he enlisted in theAir Force, the military would not accept initials as his name, so he adopted John R. Cash as his legal name. In 1955, when signing with Sun Records, he took Johnny Cash as his stage name.
the familysettled in Dyess, Arkansas. J.R. was working in cotton fields beginning at age five, singing along with his family simultaneously while working.
Cash was very close to his older brother, Jack. In 1944,Jack was pulled into a whirling head saw in the mill where he worked, and almost cut in two. He suffered for over a week before he died. Cash often spoke of the horrible guilt he felt over thisincident.
Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force. After he was honorably discharged as a sergeant in 1954, he returned to Texas.
In 1951, while in Air Force training, Cash met Vivian Libertoat a roller skating rink in her native San Antonio. They dated for three weeks, until Cash was deployed to Germany for three years. During that time, the couple exchanged hundreds of pages of love...
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