Jose Vasconcelos was born on February 28, 1882 in Oaxaca (Mexico). He was a disciple of Justo Sierra and formedpart of the Ateneo de la Juventud, which around 1910 was faced with the positivism and the dictator Porfirio Diaz. Committed to the revolutionary movement, he supported Francisco I. MaderoAntireeleccionista Party and later to President Venustiano Carranza and Alvaro Obregon. Apparently, Vasconcelos was the one who wrote the theme Madero: "Effective Suffrage no reelection. "
He was rector ofNational University, which became a revolutionary institution. In 1921 he was appointed by President Obregon, Secretary of Education for three years until his confrontation with him and then he wasexiled in the United States, conducted a 'national crusade' on behalf of popular education. Everything possible to promote indigenous education, rural, and urban art, created networks of libraries,cultural missions, colleges and Village Homes, which became the basic
schools. Supported the work of the first mural and built the National Stadium as the place of popular entertainment.
In 1929 hereturned to his country as leader of a political movement supported by the masses facing the dominant Calles. Missed his attempt to win the presidency and he returned to his personal retreat.
Hedied on June 30, 1959.