Case Study of Nairobi, Kenya
Kenya is located in the coast of the Indian Ocean and is at the southeast of the African continent. Its northern frontiers are withthe countries of Sudan and Ethiopia, its eastern frontier with Somalia, the western frontier with Uganda and finally the southern frontiers with Tanzania. Its capital city is Nairobi and its one ofthe most populated areas in Kenya.
A growing city:
People migrate from the surrounding countryside not only because of the poverty that’s spread all around the country, but because of:
• low wages,
• poor health services
• poor education
People who live in the countryside don’t have access to water supplies, but they don’t realize that the water they buy,costs them 6 times more than buying from a water supply. They expect to find in Nairobi better schools and hospitals as well as more jobs were they can pay them more and send some money to theirfamilies that stay in the rural areas. Almost half of the population in Nairobi is in Kaibira, which is one of the biggest slums in the world. However, residents in Nairobi find it a suitable place to livedue to the amount of people living there, although they are keen to find the same disadvantages in Nairobi. Also, people migrate in search for a new way of living for their children. This is extremelynecessary because preparing the education of the children is the support for their future.
But the problem of people migrating to Nairobi is that it gets overcrowded with so many people, and as aconsequence, there are not so many services such as gas or electricity and there is traffic pollution as well. In 2004, the population in Nairobi increased up to 2 million and almost 5% of the land wasused as a home for almost 60% of the people. Another problem is that water isn’t available for everyone. People don’t drink from their tap, instead they go and fetch water from somewhere nearby...
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