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  • Publicado : 4 de septiembre de 2012
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HhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhThis article is about the Nicaraguan poet. For other similarly named people, and for places named after him, see Rubén Darío (disambiguation).Félix Rubén García Sarmiento |

Rubén Darío has been praised as "The prince of Castilian letters" and "Father of Modernism" |
Born | January 18, 1867
Metapa, today known as Ciudad Darío, Matagalpa, Nicaragua |
Died | February 6, 1916 (aged 49)
León, Nicaragua |
Pen name | Rubén Darío |
Occupation | Poet, journalist, and diplomat |
Nationality | Nicaraguan |
Literary movement |Modernismo |
Spouse(s) | Rafaela Contreras,
Rosario Murillo,
Francisca Sánchez del Pozo |
Influences[show] |
Influenced[show] |
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Signature | |

| This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducingmore precise citations. (June 2011) |
Félix Rubén GarcíaSarmiento (January 18, 1867, Metapa, Matagalpa, Nicaragua – February 6, 1916, León, Nicaragua), known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo (modernism) that flourished at the end of the 19th century. Darío has had a great and lasting influence on 20th-century Spanish literature and journalism. He has been praised as the "Prince ofCastilian Letters" and undisputed father of the modernismo literary movement.[1]
Contents  [hide]  * 1 Life * 1.1 In El Salvador * 1.2 In Chile * 1.3 Journey in Central America * 1.4 Travels * 1.5 In Argentina * 1.6 Between Paris and Spain * 1.7 Ambassador in Madrid * 1.8 His last years * 2 Death * 3 Rubén Darío's poetry * 3.1 Influences *3.2 Evolution * 4 Assessment * 5 Further reading * 6 References * 7 Sources |
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Life
Manuel García and Rosa Sarmiento were married on April 26, 1866 in León, Nicaraguaafter obtaining the necessary ecclesiastic permissions since they were second degree cousins. However, Manuel's conduct of allegedly engaging in excessive consumption of alcoholprompted Rosa to abandon her conjugal home and flee to the city of Metapa in Matagalpa where she gave birth to Félix Rubén. The couple made up and Rosa even gave birth to a second child, a daughter named Candida Rosa, who died a few days after being born. The marriage deteriorated again to the point where Rosa left her husband and moved in with her aunt, Bernarda Sarmiento. After a brief period oftime, Rosa Sarmiento established a relationship with another man and moved with him to San Marcos de Colón, in Choluteca, Honduras. Although, according to his baptism, Rubén's true surname was García, his paternal family had been known by the surname Darío for many years. Rubén Darío explained it as follows in his autobiography:
According to what some of the old people in that town of my childhoodhave referred to me, my great-grandfather had Darío as his nickname or first name. In this small town he was known by everyone as "Don Darío" and his entire family as the Daríos. It was in this way that his and all his family last name began to disappear to the point where my paternal great-grandmother already replaced it when she signed documents as Rita Darío; becoming patronymic and acquiringlegal stand and validity since my father, who was a merchant, carried out all his businesses as Manuel Darío...[2]

The catedral-basílica de la Asunción, in León, Nicaragua, where the poet spent his infancy. His remains are buried in this church.
Darío spent his childhood in the city of León. He was brought up by his mother's aunt and uncle, Félix and Bernarda, whom Darío considered, in his...
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