La economia de la india

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  • Publicado : 8 de noviembre de 2010
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Geography ::India |

Location: | |
Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan |
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Naturalresources: | |
coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land |
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Land use: | |
arable land: 48.83%permanent crops: 2.8%other: 48.37% (2005) |
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Irrigated land: | |
558,080 sq km (2003) |
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Total renewable water resources: | |
1,907.8 cu km(1999) |
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Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): | |
total: 645.84 cu km/yr (8%/5%/86%)per capita: 585 cu m/yr (2000) |
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Natural hazards: | |
droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes |
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Environment - current issues: | |
deforestation; soil erosion;overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources |
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Environment - international agreements: | |
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine LivingResources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whalingsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements |
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Geography - note: | |
dominates South Asiansubcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes; Kanchenjunga, third tallest mountain in the world, lies on the border with Nepal |
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Government ::India |

Country name: | |
conventional long form: Republic of India conventional short form: Indialocal long form:Republic of India/Bharatiya Ganarajyalocal short form: India/Bharat |
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Government type: | |
federal republic |
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Capital: | |
name: New Delhigeographic coordinates: 28 36 N, 77 12 Etime difference: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) |
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Administrative divisions: | |
28 states and 7 union territories*; Andaman and Nicobar Islands*,Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh*, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli*, Daman and Diu*, Delhi*, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep*, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Puducherry*, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, WestBengal |
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Independence: | |
15 August 1947 (from the UK) |
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National holiday: | |
Republic Day, 26 January (1950) |
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Constitution: | |
26 January 1950; amended many times |
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Legal system: | |
based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; separate personal law codes apply to...
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