Un Estudio de los Libros I & X de la Ética Nicomoquiana.
El ser humano tiende por naturaleza a buscar situaciones que le sean agradables y estas a la vez le den satisfacción. El hombre busca una razón existencial más profunda, con características de alegría perdurable capaz de darle sentido a su vida.
En este orden de ideas,al indagar sobre un tema filosófico, se ha querido investigar acerca del pensamiento del filósofo griego Aristóteles sobre la felicidad, siguiendo de manera detallada la ilustración del filósofo en su obra “La Ética a Nicomaco”. De manera especial en los libros uno y diez se encontrará la doctrina que en estas páginas viene redactada.
El proyecto fue pensado originalmente a partir de tresnociones; La noción de felicidad, clases de felicidad y la relación del hombre con la felicidad. Al considerar que las dos primeras guardan semejanzas, se ha enfocado este trabajo especialmente en La noción de felicidad y la relación del hombre con la felicidad para ser más exactos y precisos a la hora de concluir este tema.
(Nocion de felicidad) Searching the True Happiness
“Every art andevery inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim.”(Stevenson, #1)
“…clearly this must be the good and the chief good.” (Stevenson, #2. B, I)
“…in view of the fact that all knowledge and every pursuit aims at some good, what it is that we say political science aims at andwhat is the highest of all goods achievable by action.” (Stevenson, #2. B, I)
“For there are, we may say, three prominent types of life- that just mentioned, the political, and thirdly the contemplative life.” (Stevenson, #5. B, I)
“The life of money-making is one undertaken under compulsion, and wealth is evidently not the good we are seeking; for it is merely useful and for the sake ofsomething else.” (Stevenson, #5. B, I)
“Further, since 'good' has as many senses as 'being' (for it is predicated both in the category of substance, as of God and of reason, and in quality, i.e. of the virtues, and in quantity, i.e. of that which is moderate, and in relation, i.e. of the useful, and in time, i.e. of the right opportunity, and in place, i.e. of the right locality and the like), clearlyit cannot be something universally present in all cases and single; for then it could not have been predicated in all the categories but in one only.” (Stevenson, #6. B, I)
“…but the chief good is evidently something final. Therefore, if there is only one final end, this will be what we are seeking, and if there are more than one, the most final of these will be what we are seeking.” (Stevenson,#7. B, I)
“For some identify happiness with virtue, some with practical wisdom, others with a kind of philosophic wisdom, others with these, or one of these, accompanied by pleasure or not without pleasure; while others include also external prosperity.” (Stevenson, #8. B, I)
“Happiness then is the best, noblest, and most pleasant thing in the world, and these attributes are not severed as inthe inscription at Delos- Most noble is that which is justest, and best is health;
But pleasantest is it to win what we love. For all these properties belong to the best activities; and these, or one- the best- of these, we identify with happiness.” (Stevenson, #8. B, I)
“It will also on this view be very generally shared; for all who are not maimed as regards their potentiality for virtue maywin it by a certain kind of study and care. But if it is better to be happy thus than by chance, it is reasonable that the facts should be so, since everything that depends on the action of nature is by nature as good as it can be, and similarly everything that depends on art or any rational cause, and especially if it depends on the best of all causes. To entrust to chance what is greatest and...