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Pablo Picasso, the son of an art and drawing teacher. He passed the entrance examination for the Barcelona School of Fine Arts at the age of 14 in just one day and was allowed to skip the first twoclasses. During his lifetime, the artist went through different periods of characteristic painting styles. The Blue Period of Picasso lasted from about 1900 to 1904. It is characterized by the use ofdifferent shades of blue underlining the melancholic style of his subjects, people from the grim side of life with thin, half-starved bodies. His painting style during these years is masterly andconvinces even those who reject his later modern style. During Picasso's Rose Period from about 1905 to 1906, his style moved away from the Blue Period to a friendly pink tone with subjects taken from theworld of the circus. After several travels to Paris, the artist moved permanently to the "capital of arts" in 1904. There he met all the other famous artists like Henri Matisse, Joan Miro and GeorgeBraques. He became a great admirer of Henri Matisse and developed a life-long friendship with the master of French Fauvism. Inspired by the works of Paul Cezanne, he developed together with GeorgeBraque and Juan Gris developed the Cubist style. In Cubism, subjects are reduced to basic geometrical shapes. In a later version of Cubism, called synthetic cubism, several views of an object or a personare shown simultaneously from a different perspective in one picture. In 1937 the artist created his landmark painting Guernica, a protest against the barbaric air raid against a Basque village duringthe Spanish Civil War. Picasso's Guernica is a huge mural on canvas in black, white and grey which was created for the Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World's Fair in 1937. In Guernica, Picasso usedsymbolic forms, that are repeatedly found in his works following Guernica, like a dying horse or a weeping woman. Guernica was exhibited at the museum of Modern Art in New York until 1981. It was...
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