Abraham Maslow developed a theory of personality that has influenced a number of different fields, including education. This theory accurately describes many realities ofpersonal experiences.
Maslow is a humanistic psychologist. Humanists do not believe that human beings are pushed and pulled by mechanical forces, either of stimuli and reinforcements (behaviorism)or of unconscious instinctual impulses (psychoanalysis). Humanists focus upon potentials. They believe that humans strive for an upper level of capabilities. Humans seek the frontiers of creativity,the highest reaches of consciousness and wisdom. This has been labeled "fully functioning person", "healthy personality", or as Maslow calls this level, "self-actualizing person."
Maslow has set up ahierarchy of five levels of basic needs. Beyond these needs, higher levels of needs exist. These include needs for understanding, esthetic appreciation and purely spiritual needs. In the levels of thefive basic needs, the person does not feel the second need until the demands of the first have been satisfied, nor the third until the second has been satisfied, and so on. Maslow's basic needs areas follows:
The physiological needs
They include the most basic needs, which are vital for thesurvival, including the water need, air, food and dream. Maslow thought that these needs are the most basic and instinctive of the hierarchy because all other needs become secondary and less importantuntil these physiological needs are satisfied.
It refers to the need to feel insurance and to except and is important for the survival, but not of a form as intense as thephysiological needs. Examples of this type of needs are the desire of a constant employment, medical attention, a sure neighborhood, and a place where to live and to be protected from the climate or other...