las instituciones eclesiasticas en la nueva españa
History of Mexico
Research Project #1
The eclesiastic institutions in the New Spain
1.- Research and explain the background of the humanist contrarreformist churches (phylosopies) in the catholic church and how they effected in the New Spain.
In the New Spain the catholic church was divided in to two sections:The humanist Catholic church and the Contrareformist church. The humanist Church was defenders of the indigenous people and their lands while the contrareformist church was only worried about taking away the lands of the indigenous people and exploiting them. The humanist church was conformed by the Franciscanos, Dominicos, Augustinos. While the contrareformist contributed in the inquisition byhelping exterminating the protestants.
2.- Please research the background and the fundamental precepts of the inquisition and how it manifiested in the New Spain.
The catholic church had been estimated enemies of God and her enemies to the christians that in the faith opposed in what the church believed and said, the heretics. In past times the heresy was considered as a crime, that must bepunished. A met in Verona in 1185 allowed the bishops to take legal action to the heresy suspects and if they were found guilty, they would give them to the civil authority and the authority would impose a punishment that could be the absolute death. This institution was called the Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Iquisition. This institution was allowed to find out in secret, the conduct andbeliefs of any person that was suspicious.
The base of the Spanish Iquisition legislation was in the era of the first Grand inquisitor Fray Tomas the Torquesada. He convocate a met to estrablish the instructions that must be followed in the process of the judgement of the ejecution of the veredict. There assisted members of the four courts of Spain. To extend the Holy Office to american lands thetask was assigned to Fray Martin de Valencia that was the first inquisitor in The New Spain.
The process- the inquisitors established in a public plaza for a definite time where theyy promulgate orders, requesting that anyone found guilty of heresy must be presented by their own initiative. The ones that presented themselves, the punishment would be lower. The accused ones would received ajuridictial requirement and they must accept all the charges against them.
3.- The jesuits (company of Jesus) was a very influencial order in the New Spain up to our days. Explain how and why they were expelled.
The reason that the jesuits were expelled was because they were enriched with the misions, have intervened in the politics, hindering the kings of Spain and have been accused from planningthe murdered of the kings Jose de Prtugal and Luis XV of France. But the most important reason was, because in difference of the other religious orders, the Jesuits refused to negociate with the other no catholic states. On June 25th, 1776 for order of the king Charles III the jesuists since that moment were incomunicated and must be out of the country without more belongings that theirbreviario, the cloth that they were wearing and the money that belong to each one. The viceroy public the exile that was the final decision.
4.- Explain the process of evangelization in the New Spain. How long it took? Who did it? How did they do it?.
In 1524 arrived to the New Spain the first Franciscanos friars to achieve the evangelizing mission, among them were Martín de Valencia, Pedro de Gante,and fray Juan de Zumárraga. Evangelizing means to change the religion that the indigenous people had into Christianism. To achieve their goal, they learned the indigenous language and started teaching the new doctrine to the indigenous nobleman. In 1526 was founded the Santiago school in Tlatelolco were there was teach Maths, singing, catechism, crafts and new forms of painting and sculpture....