Latin america

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POLITICAL ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA
FINAL EXAM

I.
The newly elected president of USA asks you to be her special assistant on Latin American affairs. Your role is to help the president make sense of the often conflicting recommendations by the many government agencies concerned with the country's relations with Latin America - from commerce, defense, foreign relations to economy and finance,environment and education ministries-, and chart a course.

Before her terms begin, the president wants a clear view of the big picture in relation to Latin America. For this purpose, the president wants you to do some research, mediate and develop the following questions:

1. Why is Latin America poor in comparison with the United States?

Latin America, starting to have a lower educationthan most Asian countries. Certainly not the case in countries like the U.S. and Canada with the best education in the world, similar to that of Europeans. 10 students who enter high school in Latin America, in some countries only 1 ends this school. There are countries with an infant mortality of 50 children per thousand, while the average in more advanced Asian countries is 8, 9 or 10.

LatinAmerica has countries where the tax burden is 12% of gross domestic product, and not the responsibility of anyone except ours, which do not charge money to the richest people in our countries. Nobody is to blame for that except us. In 1950, all Americans were four times richer than a Latin American citizen. Today, an American citizen is 20 times richer than a Latin American citizen.
Our enemy andthe greatest cause of that Latin America is poorer, is the lack of education is illiteracy is not spent on the health of our people that create the necessary infrastructure, roads, highways, ports, airports, that we are not devoting the resources necessary to stop environmental degradation, is the inequality we have that really disappoint is the result, among many things, of course, that we arenot educating America.

2. What is the nature of Latin America’s relationship with the United States? Is it based on conflict and domination or cooperation?

Nature between Latin America and the United States over the years is based on the 2 many conflicting aspects such as cooperatives, their nature is more commercial at the moment, the conflicting aspects are not serious, but for UNASURare more territorial conflicts. United States is more cooperative in the political, social and commercial.

3. Latin America is not a homogenous region. What are the key political, economic, and cultural differences between the major states in the region? And how do these differences explain the different paths of development followed by these countries?

Latin America has many differencesdepending on the region, some countries such as Haiti, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras and Guyana are in a very low level of political economy and therefore their growth cannot be increased much less rapidly and also that the majority of politicians in these regions have a high level of corruption, make it impossible to develop that country, on the other hand there are countries likeArgentina, Uruguay, Panama, Brazil, they are having a growing social, economic and cultural quickly.

4. What is the future of the region? Can its current problems? Is progress possible?

The future depends on education, economic and political investment that Latin America will have. Overcoming the problems can be solved if politicians do their part for the development of the region and be able toachieve economic and social scope in which each person can fend for itself without relying on government and politicians, as in Latin America many people depend on it, and untrustworthy because Latin America there is much corruption.

In Latin America it is quite possible the achievement and that is something that every Latin American to do for its part, one must study and third vision for...
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