La grande variété de vins existant au monde s'explique par le grand nombre de cépages, de modes de vinification ou de types d'élevage. Ainsi ils peuvent donner des vins rouges, rosés ou blancs,mais aussi des vins secs ou doux, tranquilles ou effervescents. La viticulture a colonisé une vaste partie du monde et de très nombreux pays sont producteurs de vin.
A Bordeaux wine is anywine produced in the Bordeaux region of France. Average vintages produce over 700 million bottles of Bordeaux wine, ranging from large quantities of everyday table wine, to some of the most expensiveand prestigious wines in the world. 89% of wine produced in Bordeaux is red (called 'claret' in Britain), with notable sweet white wines such as Chateau d'Yquem, dry whites, rosé and sparkling wines(Crémant de Bordeaux) all making up the remainder. Bordeaux wine is made by more than 8,500 producers or châteaux. There are 60 appellations of Bordeaux wine
The major reason for the success ofwinemaking in the Bordeaux region is the excellent environment for growing vines. The geological foundation of the region is limestone, leading to a soil structure that is heavy in calcium. The Girondeestuary dominates the regions along with its tributaries, the Garonne and the Dordogne rivers, and together irrigate the land and provide an Atlantic Climate, also known as an oceanic climate, for theregion.
These rivers define the main geographical subdivisions of the region:
* "The right bank", situated on the right bank of Dordogne, in the northern parts of the region, around the city...