Learning theories

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TERESA VILLARREAL TRINIDAD
MTRO. ALFONSO BARRAZA
EDUCATION AND TELF FOUNDATIONS

OBREGÓN CITY, SONORA. NOVEMBER 8th, 2010.

BEHAVIORISIM

According to this theorythe mayor implications are in repetition of behavior until habits are formed, this repetition process is based on specific stimulus. The behaviorist way of thinking in my opinion has been verydominant, it’s nothing more than the world in which they grew up. This theory doesn’t account for free will, thoughts and feelings. What I like from this theory is based in observable behaviors so it’seasier to collect data and information when we conduct a research, but I do not agree with the learning process.

COGNITIVISM

This theory attempts to understand the minds, here the learner is anactive participant in the knowledge acquisition process. The context of a learner - their thoughts, beliefs and values are influential in the learning process. Cognitivism offers a clear framework, andthat framework is flexible, in that it allows many different theoretical constructs to be plugged into the same holes; doesn’t matter what you put in the holes you can then do something with the product.The learner has the ability to organize, categorize and retrieve information.

CONSTRUCTIVISM

Constructivists propose many different aspects of how learning should happen, which has greatinfluences on teaching. Students begin their study with previous knowledge and concepts and students are able to create new knowledge. The teacher helps create situations where students can ask questionsand reflect their own learning process. Students construct their own understanding from experience. Learning is a personal interpretation of the world and active process in which meaning is developed onthe basis of experience.

In my opinion the constructivist theory is the best one because the learner has free will. The students here in this theory are considered active constructor of...
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