Lecturas con gramatica y vocabularios en ingles

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Lección 1ª | Reading: Holidays |
| Composition: Informal Letter |
| Grammar: The Past Simple |
| Exercises |
| Vocabulary: Holidays |
Holiday

1. Before you read the passage, answer these questions:
Have you ever been on holiday? If so, where? What did you do? What did you eat? Did you enjoy yourself?
2. Read the passage through to find out what it's about. DO NOT use adictionary.

In August 1987 I went on holiday with my family, to a small Greek Island. We were going to spend two whole weeks basking in the sun, eating traditional Greek food and relaxing on the beach. Everything was going to plan until one day, in fact the eigth day of my holiday, the sky changed from being a bright blue to a dark grey colour. It started to rain. I really believed that the rain wouldlast maybe an hour or two. I retreated back into the hotel to take a little rest. I closed the shutters, got into bed and set the alarm clock to go off in two hours time, a siesta, why not?!
When the alarm clock went off, I jumped out of bed, opened the shutters and to my total dismay it was still raining. The rain was falling quite heavily. On the ground there were huge puddles, "Howstrange!", I said to myself. I had been abroad many times but I had never experienced heavy rain. I decided to walk up to the entertainment room, to see if I could pass the time. On my way there, I was presented with quite a shock. The path to get there was completely flooded and covered with a thick mud.
The next day when I woke up, it was still raining and the hotel was completely flooded. Thecorridors leading in to the apartments were filled with water, at least 1 metre deep. People with hotel rooms next to the mountain had been evacuated because mud had fallen down from the mountain. The dining room had water running down the walls. There wasn't any food because there wasn't any electrical power. My holiday had turned into a disaster.
That day, the hotel manager announced, "Due to thecircumstances, everyone is to evacuate the island as soon as possible". Later that day, boats were sent from Greece to come and collect us. As soon as I arrived at main land Greece I sighed a sign of relief, I was safe and sound!

Informal Letter
 

------ ooo O ooo ------
Remember:

1. Your address on the right hand side of the page.
2. Leave one space and write the date underneath youraddress.
3. Leave one space and write the introduction, e.g. Dear…….,
4. Write an introduction, main body and conclusion.
5. To end the letter either write:
With love from / Love from / Love to all (If you wish to send love to somebody's friends/family) / All my love

Useful Phrases:

Thank you for your letter
It was nice to hear from you
I'm sorry I haven't written for so long
Hoping tohear from you before too long
I'm afraid to say that I won't be able to…
I would be most grateful if you could…
Do you think you could…?
I regret to inform you that we are unable to…
I am writing to inquire whether it is possible…
I will have great pleasure in…

The Past Simple
a) Form

1.- Regular verbs: Bare Infinitive + ed
Examples:
| Present |   | Past |
| |   | |Watch | I work every day | | I worked every day |
Work | I watch television at the weekend | | I watched television at the weekend |
Play | I play football at school | | I played football at school |

2.- Irregular verbs: ver lección 10º Curso de Inglés (www.aulafacil.com)
b) Use
1.- To talk about things that happened in the past:
I stayed in that hotel last week
He worked all night andfinished the project
2.- To talk about the general past and about regular actions:
We lived in Rome for a year when I was a child
Our friends often visited us there

Holidays (las vacaciones)

A holidaymaker: un veraneante
A festival: una fiesta
Fortnight: quince días
Easter: Pascuas
Holy Week: Semana Santa
Christmas: Navidad
Abroad: en el extranjero
Beach: la playa
Coast: la...
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