# Ley de gauss

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Ley de Gauss
El flujo eléctrico total de una superficie cerrada es igual a la carga encerrada dividida por la permitividad.

El flujo eléctrico a través de un área se define como el campoeléctrico multiplicado por el área de la superficie proyectada a un plano perpendicular al campo. La ley de Gauss es una ley general que se aplica a cualquier superficie cerrada. Es una herramientaimportante que permite evaluar las cargas encerradas en una superficie cerrada a partir de un análisis del campo fuera de la distribución de carga. Para geometrías con suficiente simetría es una manerasimplificada de calcular el campo.

The through an area is defined as the electric field multiplied by the area of the surface projected in a plane perpendicular to the field. Gauss's Law is a general lawapplying to any closed surface. It is an important tool since it permits the assessment of the amount of enclosed charge by mapping the field on a surface outside the charge distribution. Forgeometries of sufficient symmetry, it simplifies the calculation of the electric field.
Applications of Gauss' Law
Gauss' law is a powerful tool for the calculation of electric fields when they originatefrom charge distributions of sufficient symmetry to apply it.

Gauss' Law, Integral Form
The area integral of the electric field over any closed surface is equal to the net charge enclosed in thesurface divided by the permittivity of space. Gauss' law is a form of one of Maxwell's equations, the four fundamental equations for electricity and magnetism.

Gauss' law permits the evaluationof the electric field in many practical situations by forming a symmetric Gaussian surface surrounding a charge distribution and evaluating the electric flux through that surface.

Electric Flux
Theconcept of electric flux is useful in association with Gauss' law. The electric flux through a planar area is defined as the electric field times the component of the area perpendicular to the...