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National Center for Economic Research
FIRST DRAFT OF THE RESEARCH STUDY
Industrial Policy in Guatemala
IDB Country Studies Initiative
Guatemala, November 2008
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Contenido
Introduction...................................................................................................................4
Part I. StylizedFacts................................................................................................................5
1.1 Growth in Latin America and Public Policy for Development .................................5
1.2 Growth and Economic Policy in Guatemala ............................................................7
1.3 Política de Comercio Exterior dentro de la estrategia de desarrollo ....................11
1.3.1 From the Central American Common Market to theTrade Union................13
1.3.2 Trade openness ..............................................................................................15
1.3.3 Competitiveness: a trade promotion strategy ...............................................17
Part II. Main policies, sectors and activities. ................................................................20
2.1 Políticas de DesarrolloProductivo en Guatemala vigentes (2000‐2007)..............20
2.1.1 Inventario de las principales políticas de desarrollo productivo vigentes.....21
2.1.2 PDP Prioritarios: Insumos ...............................................................................34
2.1.3 Producto y Resultados....................................................................................37
2.1.4 Remoción de lasbarreras al crecimiento económico ....................................41
2.2 Competitiveness: a clash of visions .......................................................................44
2.3 Activity subject to horizontal policy: export sector...............................................50
2.3.1 Ley de Fomento y Desarrollo de la Actividad Exportadora y de Maquila
(Decreto29‐89).............................................................................................................54
2.3.2 Ley de Zonas Francas, (Decreto 65‐89) ..........................................................59
2.3.3 Ventanilla Única de Promoción de Exportaciones –VUPE‐ ............................63
2.3.4 Tratados de Libre Comercio –TLC’s‐ ...............................................................642.4 Sector de Vestuario y Textiles................................................................................66
2.4.1 Breve descripción del Sector ..........................................................................66
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2.4.2 Desempeño del Sector ...................................................................................68
2.4.3 Principales Barreras alSector.........................................................................72
2.5 Call Centers and BPO: A case study .......................................................................75
2.5.1 Evolución del Sector Servicio..........................................................................76
2.5.2 Call Centers andBPO......................................................................................78
2.5.3 Barriers for competitiveness in the sector .....................................................79
Recomendaciones de Política Pública ..........................................................................81
3.1 Propuestas de carácter horizontal.........................................................................81
3.2 Propuestas de carácter vertical.............................................................................85
Bibliografía.......................................................................................................................87
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1 Introduction
This document is the first draft of the research study Industrial Policies in Guatemala. We
present a first critical review of the status quo of productive development policies (PDPs)...
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