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OFICCIAL LENGUAJE:

The languages of Spain (Spanish: lenguas de España), or Spanish languages (Spanish: lenguas españolas or lenguas hispánicas),[3]are the languages spoken or once spokenin Spain. Romance languages are the most widely spoken in Spain; of which Spanish, or Castilian, is the only language which has official status for the whole country.[4] Various other languages haveco-official or recognised status in specific territories,[5] and a number of unofficial languages and dialects are spoken in certain localities.

LOCATION:
Southwestern Europe, bordering the MediterraneanSea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France

POPULATION:
The Spanish people are a mixture of the indigenous peoples of the Iberian Peninsula with thesuccessive peoples who conquered the peninsula and occupied it for extended periods. SeeHistory of Spain.

Ethnic Groups
Several ethnic groups in Spain have kept a separate identity, culturally andlinguistically. These include the Catalans (16 percent of the population), who live principally in the northeast and on the eastern islands; the Galicians (7 percent), who live in northwestern Spain; theBasques, or Euskal-dun (2 percent), who live chiefly around the Bay of Biscay; and the nomadic Spanish Roma (Gypsies), also called Gitanos.
Population Characteristics
The population of Spain isapproximately 47 million with an overall density of 88 persons per sq km. Spain is experiencing significant rural-urban migration with 78 percent of the population now living in towns and cities.
PoliticalDivisions
Spain comprises 50 provinces in 17 autonomous regions: Andalusia, Aragón, Asturias, Balearic Islands, Basque Country (País Vasco), Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castile-La Mancha,Castile-León, Catalonia, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra, and Valencia.

THE FLAG COLOR:
The red and golden-yellow colors of Spain's flag were first used in the late 1700s by the...
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