Limpieza y desinfeccion

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  • Publicado : 21 de noviembre de 2011
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Paper Workshop 5: strategies to increase resource use efficiency in industrial and agricultural sectors. Title: Effectiveness of cleaner production on water resources contamination control. Autor(s):Name: A.Jaramillo*, P. Vásquez*, P. Osorio**, I. Restrepo***, Address: Cra 56 # 11-36 Cali - Colombia e-mails: , , * Regional Centerfor Cleaner Production, RCCP. Cali, Colombia. ** Corporación Autónoma Regional del valle del cauca (CVC) ** Instituto Cinara, Universidad del Valle, Instituto de Investigación y Desarrollo en AguaPotable, Saneamiento Ambiental y Conservación del Recurso Hídrico. Cali, Colombia. Key Words: Cleaner production (CP), participatory action research, tanneries, industrial effluents, watercontamination. Tanneries in the municipality of El Cerrito are traditional industries, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), with economic importance for the region due to their intensive use of labor and exportingpotential. At the same time, they are characterized by a low productivity, raw material of low quality, technological obsolescence and high negative impacts to the environment. Great part of thiscontamination comes from the uncontrolled use of resources and raw materials in productive processes. This entails to industrial effluents without treatment with high levels of BOD, QOD, total suspendedsolids with chromium and sulfide in high concentrations, among others. These effluents contaminate the Cerrito River, affecting the population health and the quality of the water that is useddownstream for agricultural activities like sugar cane irrigation. There is also contamination by industrial and dangerous solid wastes like cuts of semi-processed and finished leather with high content ofchromium and other substances, which sometimes are disposed into the water bodies or on the ground where leachate infiltrates, affecting groundwater near to the surface. On the other hand, the...
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