William Shakespeare: is the world`s most famous playwright. He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon on 23 April 1564, the third of eight children, and grew up there. On 28 November 1582, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, who was 8 years older than him. They had 3 children: Susana, born in 1583 and twins, Hamnet and Judith, born in 1585.
Little is know about Shakespeare`slife between 1585 and 1592, but at some time during this period he moved from Stratford to London and became involved in the theatre.By 1592 he had already become a well-know actor and playwright. When King James came to the throne in 1603, he chose Shakespeare´s group of actors to be his royal entertainers. They were called “The King’s men” and performed plays in his honor.
Around this time,Shakespeare wrote his most famous tragedies, including Hamlet, Macbeth and King Lear. However, Shakespeare also wrote many comedies, including A midsummer night´s dream and As you like it. Most these plays were performed at the Globe Theatre, built in south London for Shakespeare´s group in 1599.
Shakespeare eventually moved back to Stratford, where he spent the last few years of his life. He diedthere on 23 April 1616.
Macbeth: Macbeth was probably written in 1605 or 1606, during the period in Shakespeare`s career when he wrote his greatest tragedies .Like most classical tragedies, Macbeth is about the fall of a powerful man-in this case , a man who becomes king of Scotland by murdering his cousin and taking the throne himself.
The people and events in the play taken, almost exactly,from the best know history book at the time. The action is quite simple, and most of Shakespeare´s audience already knew the basic story. So why did the play interest them, just as it still interested people today? The answer is that, in Shakespeare´s dramatization, the characters´ reactions, thoughts and feelings become more important than what happens to them.
Macbeth begins with a battle sceneand ends with another, but the play is really about the battle taking place in Macbeth`s mind. This is a battle between good and evil, between his ambitions and the knowledge that what he is doing is wrong.
His guilt makes him half mad, but killing becomes easier all the time; by the end of the play, he seems to have no feelings left at all. Even Lady Macbeth, his ruthless wife, goes mad withsecret guilt and finally kills herself.
Magic also plays a very important part in the story, because the witches ´prophecies and visions affect Macbeth so strongly.
Macbeth has been translated into almost every language and performed all over the world. Many people believe it is one of the greatest plays ever written.
Macbeth, Thane of Glamis, meets 3 witches who tell him that hewill become king of Scotland. Macbeth thinks about making the prophecy come true by murdering the king, his cousin Duncan. Macbeth`s ambitious wife urges him to do it.
He becomes king, but he cannot enjoy it. He is filled whit guilt, and worries about how to keep the throne he has taken.
Duncan`s sons escape to England and begin to raise an army against him. Then, because the witches predicted thatBanquo would be the “father of kings”, Macbeth decides he must kill Banquo and his son.
Macbeth visits the witches again, and they show him visions that make him believe he cannot be beaten. But he has more and more enemies…and the visions come true, in a way he doesn´t expect.
Macbeth: is a loyal thane (lord), a brave general and an honest man, but when witches tell him that he will be kingof Scotland, he murders king Duncan and takes the throne himself. At first he is horrified by what he has done, but then he overcomes his feelings and becomes more and more ruthless.
Lady Macbeth: is Macbeth`s wife. Ready to do anything to become queen, she plans King Duncan’s murder and persuades Macbeth to kill him. She tells Macbeth to kill him. She tells Macbeth not to worry about what they...