Moreover, the choice oftopic may have been limited by the likes of King James I of England. It is believed that Shakespeare wrote Macbeth to be represented in the court of King. James I was very interested in the supernatural themes, and maybe Shakespeare in his play included witches, visions, sleep, ghost, hallucinations and apparitions to make his work more interesting.
Throughout the tragedy Macbeth are depictedabnormal conditions of the mind such as madness, sleepwalking and hallucinations. These supernatural conditions are the result of dramatic events. In the character of Macbeth, there is a gradual change, because, at the beginning of the story he is a good and noble man, but we see how he is turning into a cruel and ruthless tyrant. All mental and psychological conditions that showed Macbeth throughoutthe play were the result of the prophecy of three witches. There are different scenes where we can find the supernatural in the play. Now I would like to identify and explain each one of them.
The first scene of the play corresponds to three witches, supernatural beings which actuate the tragic fall of Macbeth. Shakespeare in his work announces the tragedy through natural phenomena:” In thunder,lightning, or in rain?” In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries people believed that these abrupt changes in time announced catastrophes or some extraordinary event. In the same way they thought that fatalities were caused by a higher entity or gods, who punished mortals.
In another scene we see the witches casting a spell on a man with a storm and cause him to be impotent. The man's wife hadnot given food to one of the witches. “A sailor’s wife had chestnuts in her lap; (…) I will drain him dry as hay: Sleep shall neither night nor day, (…) Look what I have. (1.3.2)” In this century old women who asked for food were considered witches, and if anyone refused to give what they asked, they believed that they would be cursed.
In third quote, Banquo and Macbeth encounter the witches,Banquo doubt about the existence of witches: ” That look not like the inhabitants o the earth,and yet are on’t? Live you? Or are you aught,That man may question? (…)You should be women And yet your beard forbid me to interpret. That you are so. (1.3.1)” The interesting fact of this passage is the Banquo’s confusion about the gender of witches, because they have beards. Shakespeare gives masculine...