1 . " The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others. "
2 . " What do I think of Western civilization? I think it would be a very good idea. "
3 . " Live as if your were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever. "
4 . " Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes. "5 . " Each night when I go to sleep I die, and next morning when I wake up I am reborn again ''
Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest political and spiritual leaders of India. He spearheaded the Indian freedom struggle against the British. He was the founder of the Satyagraha Movement which professed the use of civil disobedience and non-violence to fight for the freedomof the Indian people. As a sign of reverence, he is called Mahatma or “great soul”, and also Bapu or the Father of the Nation. His fight for Satyagraha and for equality in the Indian society put him behind bars many times but he was not deterred from his objective. He fought to eradicate the evils of untouchability and poverty; and to recognize religious amity and woman emancipation. His idealsof truth and non-violence are still held up in societies across the world.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October, 1869 as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to Karamchand Gandhi and his wife Putlibai in Porbandar, Gujarat. Mahatma Gandhi was brought up under the influence of Jain traditions and culture; thus he imbibed the ideals of truth and non-violence from a young age. The family alsopractised vegetarianism and fasting for self-purification. Gandhi’s character was thus chiselled in such a way so as to help him follow the path of “ahimsa” (non-violence) later in his life when he courageously fought for the cause of India’s independence from British colonial rule.
At the tender age of mere 13, Mohandas got married to Kasturba Makhanji. The couple became parents for the firsttime two years later. Gandhi had his early education at the middle school in Porbandar and later on at Rajkot where he sat for his high school examinations. Mahatma Gandhi remained an average student throughout. He graduated from Samaldas College in Gujrat. His family members wanted him to become a barrister. So Mohandas went to London before his nineteenth birthday on 4 September, 1888 foracquiring a degree in law.
During his time in London, Gandhi tried to adopt English customs. He joined the society of vegetarians and also founded a local chapter thereof. When it comes to religious beliefs, Gandhi studied books on Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism as well as on other religions. After returning from London as a qualified barrister, Gandhi did part-time job as a high school teacher. Hefinally landed up in Rajkot to make a modest living. Eventually, Gandhi accepted a one year contractual job in South Africa.
In the year 1893, Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa, where he faced racial discrimination from the moment he entered the country. Once he was asked to move from the first class coach to the third class just because he was not a white. Gandhi refused and hewas thrown out of the moving train. Then he chose to travel by a stagecoach, but even here he was beaten up by the driver. Apart from this, he suffered various hardships during his stay in South Africa. Indians were victims of apartheid in Africa and did not even have the right to vote. Gandhi decided to extend his stay in Africa to lead a protest against such atrocities of the British. The campaignwas not able to accomplish the halt of the bill that denied Indians the right to vote but it was successful in underlining the plight of Indians in South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi founded the Natal Indian Congress in the year 1894. With the help of this organization, he transformed the Indian community of South Africa into a unitary political force. In 1906, the Transvaal government implemented a...