NAME: Ivonne López
COURSE: second IB
BIOGRAPHY OF MAHATMA GANDHI
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. He became one of the most respected spiritual and political leaders of the 1900's. GandhiJi helped free the Indian people from British rule through nonviolent resistance, and is honored by Indians as the father of theIndian Nation.
The Indian people called Gandhiji 'Mahatma', meaning Great Soul. At the age of 13 Gandhi married Kasturba, a girl the same age. Their parents arranged the marriage. The Gandhis had four children. Gandhi studied law in London and returned to India in 1891 to practice. In 1893 he took on a one-year contract to do legal work in South Africa.
At the time the British controlled SouthAfrica. When he attempted to claim his rights as a British subject he was abused, and soon saw that all Indians suffered similar treatment. Gandhi stayed in South Africa for 21 years working to secure rights for Indian people.
He developed a method of action based upon the principles of courage, nonviolence and truth called Satyagraha. He believed that the way people behave is more important thanwhat they achieve. Satyagraha promoted nonviolence and civil disobedience as the most appropriate methods for obtaining political and social goals. In 1915 Gandhi returned to India. Within 15 years he became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement.
Using the principles of Satyagraha he led the campaign for Indian independence from Britain. Gandhi was arrested many times by the Britishfor his activities in South Africa and India. He believed it was honorable to go to jail for a just cause. Altogether he spent seven years in prison for his political activities.
Gandhi also fought to improve the status of the lowest classes of society, the ‘Untouchables’, whom he called harijans ("children of God"). He believed in manual labor and simple living; he spun thread and wove cloth forhis own garments and insisted that his followers do so, too. He disagreed with those who wanted India to industrialize.
More than once Gandhi used fasting to impress upon others the need to be nonviolent. India was granted independence in 1947, and partitioned into India and Pakistan. Rioting between Hindus and Muslims followed. Gandhi had been an advocate for a united India where Hindus andMuslims lived together in peace.
On January 13, 1948, at the age of 78, he began a fast with the purpose of stopping the bloodshed. After 5 days the opposing leaders pledged to stop the fighting and Gandhi broke his fast. Twelve days later a Hindu fanatic, Nathuram Godse who opposed his program of tolerance for all creeds and religion assassinated him.
Thinker, statesman and nationalist leader,Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi not only led his own country to independence but also influenced political activists of many persuasions throughout the world with his methods and philosophy of nonviolent confrontation, or civil disobedience
Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.
Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
Gandhi chose seems to me an admirable person who only from peace, love and understanding a nation rescartar achievement of an empire, has taught me to fight for what I want without the need for violence and that with effort and perseverance we can achieve our dreams
BIOGRAFÍA de Mahatma Gandhi: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhinació el 2 de octubre de 1869 en Porbandar, India. Se convirtió en uno de los más respetados líderes espirituales y políticos de la década de 1900. Gandhi ayudó a liberar a los pueblos indios de la dominación británica a través de la resistencia no violenta, y es honrado por los indios como el padre de la nación india.
El pueblo indio llamado Gandhi "Mahatma", que significa Alma Grande. A la...