Please read this manual thoroughly and carefully before beginning. It contains useful tips and safety information, necessary for the extended use of this device.
Before You Start
While the recommended chemicals have been chosen for safety and accessibility, it is important to remember that, even though it may be perfectly safe for you, you may still becreating a hazard for other people and pets. Please be careful and don’t leave this device or any chemicals unattended. We at Green Source take no one’s safety for granted and so explains the overly cautious nature of this manual. While hydrogen generation makes for a great science experiment, it is not meant to be used by unsupervised children!
HHO generation requires theelectrolysis of water, H20. Distilled water is recommended, but you can use any tap water to start. The only consequence will be that you will need to clean the electrode pack sooner. Electrolysis is dependant on current flow, which in turn is dependant upon the conductivity of the water. As water is a non conductor, you need to add electrolytes (chemicals) to your water to increase current flowto a usable rate. Green Source generators work with a variety of electrolytes, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. To demonstrate this point, here are some measured current flows with your electrode pack: Distilled Water Rain Water Well (mineral)Water Add 2 Tbsp Baking Soda 0.2 Amps 0.3 Amps 0.5 Amps 8.1 amps (good)
In order of increasing strength (which also means increasedefficiency and personal hazard), they are:
Baking Soda ( Sodiumium Bicarbonate ) NaHCO3: This is the first choice if you are starting out 1. or do not need the highest possible output. It will be suitable for 80-90% of people, even once they become more experienced. It is the safest, cheapest, easiest, most available solution that requires no additional equipment to be added to your generator. Higherefficiency electrolytes often require a PWM (pulse width modulator) to be added to control the HHO flow and prevent excessive heat generation. If overheated (>70C) it can off-gas CO2 and dissipate a brown sediment that does not affect operation (other
than eventually lowering the output) but looks terrible. You will eventually need to replace the water and electrolyte when this happens. 2.Potassium Carbonate ( K2CO3 ) is a great 2nd choice. Non-toxic, highly effective and somewhat easy to source. Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, soluble in water (insoluble in alcohol), which forms a strongly alkaline solution. It can be made as the product of potassium hydroxide's absorbent reaction with carbon dioxide. It is deliquescent, often appearing a damp or wet solid. Potassiumcarbonate is used in the production of soap and glass and is probably the best overall choice for electrolytes, considering safety, effectiveness and availability. Usually a specialty order item, see eBay or other online chemical sources. 3. Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) also called “lye”, a very efficient electrolyte, highly conductive and HIGHLY CAUSTIC. It is also known as caustic soda, is a causticmetallic base. It is used in many industries, mostly as a strong chemical base in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents and as a drain cleaner. Sodium hydroxide is a common base in chemical laboratories. Pure sodium hydroxide is a white solid; available in pellets, flakes, granules and as a 50% saturated solution. It is hygroscopic and readily absorbswater from the air, so it should be stored in an airtight container. It is very soluble in water with liberation of heat. It also dissolves in ethanol and methanol, though it exhibits lower solubility in these solvents than does potassium hydroxide. Molten sodium hydroxide is also a strong base, but the high temperature required limits applications. It is insoluble in ether and other non-polar...