Introduction to Early Childhood Education
Instructor: Jessica Newstrom
June 06, 2011
Maria Montessori, Italian pedagogy who renewed teaching developing a particular method, known as the Montessori method, which would apply initially in Italian primary schools and later worldwide. Maria Montessori was born over a hundred years ago, onAugust 31, 1870 in the village of Chiaravalle, Italy, country located in Europe with the shape of a boot. Her mother, Reñidle Montessori, and her father, Alessandro Montessori, were very proud of her daughter. Reñidle watched his beautiful little girl and thought she had a special glow in her eyes. Maria lived the first five years of her life in the village. This occurred over a hundred years, and atthat time all things were very different, the style of clothes people wore were very different, women wore long skirts and boots, men wore waistcoats, suspenders and ties in a bow, there was no running water or electricity in homes, so people brought water from the fountain of the village and used candles and oil lamps to see in the dark, there were no cars so people walked or used horses andcarts the buying and selling took place in the market in a village street, where people were selling food, vegetables, fabrics or anything that could grow or make.
Few children went to school. The majority were sent to work as soon as they could selling eggs or bread in the market, working on a farm, or helping take care young children. Almost everyone worked because the village was very poor,few people went to school that is why just few people could read or write, even adults, people who could not write his name put an X in place of their signature. Maria's family had better luck, they had a much better situation in life, his dad had a good government job and both of her parents could read and write. Mary always hoped to go to school with great impatience.
Mary was a girl who lovedto learn, she was very curious about life and asked questions about everything, her mother thought that this was a sign of intelligence and encouraged her by helping her find the answers. When Mary was five, his father found a better job in the great city of Rome, capital of Italy so they packed their things and moved. Mary was six when he started going to school, she was happy even thoughclassrooms were sad, dirty, cold and full of students, all children had to sit still in uncomfortable chairs from their desks all day and had to listen to the teacher to repeat the same lesson over and over again because there were not enough books or paper for all children. Mary went to the girls' school until she was twelve. At that age, few children continued their studies. Those who did, werealmost always the boys, women stayed at home and if their families had money, they did not had to work because at home they would learn how to become ladies and would learn sewing, cooking and making tea. This was what Maria’s dad wanted for her daughter Mary.
Maria wanted more. At twelve she had done well in school, and wanted to continue her studies so she decided to enter the vocational schoolthat was only for boys, and told her mom, her mom saw something very special about her daughter, she agreed with the idea. Together they communicated this to the father. Maria's father got angry. It was time that Maria became a lady, he said. But with much determination and tenacity, Mary and her mother convinced her father that Maria was a special girl and bright that she should go to vocationalschool. And she did.
After vocational school, Maria decided to attend medical school, as always, her mom thought it was a great idea, but as expected Maria’s dad was shocked more than ever before, the only thing he wanted was that Maria became a lady as soon as possible. Mary continued to insist, never abandoned her dreams and the purpose to become a doctor someday that is when Maria applies...