Border businesses are located in territorial strip among the international dividing line north or South of Mexico and the parallel line to a distance of 20 kilometers inland the country. In the case of the northern border, the area incorporates a part of the State of Sonora, Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas, also the Gulf ofMexico. The border municipalities with Arizona State correspond to Sonora and are: Nogales, Sonoíta, San Luis Rio Colorado and Agua Prieta; and by the close connections between the community in both sides of the frontier there are also considerate in the border region the municipalities of Caborca, Cananea, and Puerto Penasco.
Stages of business and commerce:
• The North American Free TradeAgreement or NAFTA is an agreement signed by the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994 and has two supplements, the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC).
In general terms, commerce between UnitedStates and Mexico governed by the General Customs Law which depends of the Secretary of Government and the Secretary of the Treasure, however there are free trade mechanisms managed by the Secretary of Economy and which have been implemented in observance of the important movement of goods and amount of money.
The North American Free Trade Agreement cover the general and particular points in therelation of business across boundaries, those points correspond to the quality standards, competitiveness, cooperativeness, workers skills, processes, and law matters. Some of the aspects that are covered beneficed to Mexican enterprises because the people that works for the companies get better payment for their jobs, but also there are less working position and the existent are asking for highstandard of skills.
The unfortunate vision of this agreement is that the enterprises that cover the requirements are not in the border, instead they are focused in cities such as Mexico City, Monterey, Guadalajara, Puebla, as example, and this fact came to transform the situation in the Border region, the business that were enough to supply the local needs (both sides) is asked to cover series ofrequirements that are hard to put together and are also expensive. The NAFTA push companies to be part of an association or opt to disappear.
But thinking on specific situation that happens in the Sonoran Border Region, some of the commerce trades are to supplies basic needs such as medicine, clothes, food, car entitlements, insurance, packing, transportation, and maquiladoras also namedCoperativas.
How do they work without breaking laws? The proximity to the line allows people from USA to cross easily to get some goods, to go to the tourist destinations, visit a cheaper dentist or doctor, among of other commercial activities. But the Mexican person have different intentions, on one hand is to supply people in Mexico with US goodies, on the other hand is to cross and do businesswith Mexican products in USA .
The imagination combined with gaps in the laws was making new strategies to survive in the region using the law framework.
One of the strategies is to buy and sell basic items, the list of the most common items are specified in the Paisano Guide, which exist for a different purpose but helps to keep running family business.
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