# Matlab en farsi

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• Publicado : 28 de julio de 2010

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‫ﺑﺴﻤﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻲ  ‬
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‫داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫داﻧﺸﻜﺪه ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬

‫آﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮم اﻓﺰار‬

‫‪MATLAB‬‬
‫اﺳﺘﺎد:‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎب آﻗﺎي دﻛﺘﺮ ﺳﻠﻤﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎن:‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻮري‬ ‫ﺳﭙﻬﺮ اﺧﻮان ﻣﺎﺳﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪرﺿﺎ ﺷﺮﻳﻔﻲ‬
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‫ﻓﺮوردﻳﻦﻣﺎه 7831‬

‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ:‬
‫1- آﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ‪MATLAB‬‬ ‫1-1 ‪MATLAB‬ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟................................................................................................................................. 1‬ ‫1-2 ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ‪  1 ..........................................................................................................Command Window‬‬ ‫1-3 ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ‪  1 .............................................................................................................Command History‬‬ ‫1-4 ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ ‪2..............................................................................................................................Workspace‬‬ ‫1-5 اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ‪2 ........................................................................................................................................help‬‬ ‫1-6 اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ‪3 ....................................................................................................................................demo‬‬

‫2- ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎت اﺑﺘﺪاﻳﻲ‬ ‫2-1ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﺮدن آراﻳﻪ ﻫﺎ و ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎت ﺟﺒﺮي روي آن ﻫﺎ......................................................................... 4‬ ‫2-2 ﻧﺤﻮه ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻣﺎﺗﺮﻳﺲ ﻫﺎ......................................................................................................................... 7‬ ‫2-3 اﻟﺤﺎق دو ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪآراﻳﻪ............................................................................................................................ 9‬ ‫2-4 ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎت ﻣﺎﺗﺮﻳﺴﻲ روي آراﻳﻪ ﻫﺎ......................................................................................................... 11‬ ‫2-5 ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎت ﻋﻀﻮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻀﻮ روي آراﻳﻪ ﻫﺎ.................................................................................................. 11‬

‫3- ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ اي ﻫﺎ‬ ‫3-1 رﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎي ﻳﻚ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻤﻠﻪاي.......................................................................................................... 31‬ ‫3-2 ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻣﻘﺪار ﻳﻚ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ اي................................................................................................... 31‬ ‫3-3 ﺿﺮب و ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ اي ﻫﺎ.................................................................................................... 31‬ ‫3-4 ﻣﺸﺘﻖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻤﻠﻪاي......................................................................................................................... 41‬ ‫3-5 ﺑﺮازش ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻲ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ اي.......................................................................................................... 41  ‬

‫4- ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎت و ﺗﻮاﺑﻊ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫4-1 ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ................................................................................................................................... 61‬ ‫4-2ﻋﻤﻠﮕﺮﻫﺎي ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ............................................................................................................................ 71  ‬

‫5- ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ داده ﻫﺎ‬ ‫5-1 ﻧﻤﻮدارﻫﺎي 2 ﺑﻌﺪي.......................................................................................................................... 81‬ ‫5-2 ﻧﻤﻮدارﻫﺎي 3ﺑﻌﺪي.......................................................................................................................... 22‬

‫6- اﺑﺰار ﺣﺴﺎب ﻧﻤﺎدﻳﻦ )‪(Symbolic Math‬‬ ‫6-1 ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ از دﺳﺘﻮرﻫﺎ................................................................................................................ 42‬ ‫6-2 ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺜﺎل.......................................................................................................................................... 42‬

‫ ‬‫1- آﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ‪MATLAB‬‬
‫1-1 ‪ MATLAB‬ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟‬
‫‪ MATLAB‬ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎم آن از ﻋﺒﺎرت اﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻲ ‪ MATrix LABoratory‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ آزﻣﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎه ﻣﺎﺗﺮﻳﺲ اﻗﺘﺒﺎس‬ ‫ﺷﺪه، ﻳﻚ ﻧﺮم اﻓﺰار ﻗﻮي ﺑﺮاي داﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎن و ﻣﺤﻘﻘﻴﻦ رﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﺎي رﻳﺎﺿﻲ و ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻲ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ اوﻟﻴﻦ ﻧﮕﺎرش‬ ‫ﻫﺎي آن در داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﻧﻴﻮﻣﻜﺰﻳﻜﻮ و اﺳﺘﺎﻧﻔﻮرد در ﺳﺎل 0791 در ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺗﺌﻮري ﻣﺎﺗﺮﻳﺲﻫﺎ،‬ ‫ﺟﺒﺮﺧﻄﻲ و آﻧﺎﻟﻴﺰ ﻋﺪدي ﺑﻪ وﺟﻮد آﻣﺪ و اﻣﺮوزه...