Gay is a word (a noun or an adjective) that refers to a homosexual person, especially a homosexual male. For homosexual women the specific term is lesbian.
The term was originally used to refer to feelings of being "carefree", "happy", or "bright and showy"; it had also come to acquire some connotations of "immorality" as early as 1637. The term's use as a referenceto homosexuality may date as early as the late 19th century, but its use gradually increased in the 20th century. In modern English, gay has come to be used as an adjective, and occasionally as a noun, referring to the people, especially to men, and the practices and cultures associated with homosexuality. By the end of the 20th century, the word gay was recommended by major style guides to describepeople attracted to members of the same sex. At about the same time, a new, pejorative use became prevalent in some parts of the world. In the Anglosphere, this connotation, among younger speakers, has a derisive meaning equivalent to rubbish or stupid (as in "That's so gay."). In this use, the word does not mean "homosexual", so it can be used, for example, to refer to an inanimate object orabstract concept of which one disapproves. This usage can also refer to weakness or unmanliness.
It defines sexual orientation such as erotic preference for same-sex, erotic interest decreased towards persons of the opposite sex. It's nothing new to say that homosexual behavior exists, in greater or lesser degree in almost all cultures. It is known that the 76 types of companies that populate ourplanet, 49 homosexuality is regarded by the community as an acceptable practice.
The Catholic Church has a definite position in this regard, having declared that homosexual attraction is not in itself ethically reprehensible and that everyone has the inviolable dignity regardless of the orientation and even sexual behavior. Although homosexual activity is morally wrong.
Other faiths and secularsectors believe that there is no moral difference between heterosexual and homosexual behavior. The moral significance of sexual behavior would be determined by the circumstances of the relationship and not the sexual orientation of participants.
The first description of a case of homosexuality in the medical literature is in 1869. Although homosexuality has been considered as a disease or offenseuntil the early seventies. So that, through psychoanalysis, Freud did not intend to "cure" the homosexual must bring mental peace, harmony and full efficiency, regardless of the ways of her sexual orientation.
In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association declared that homosexuality is a psychopathology. And from that date publications began to appear homosexual tendencies in adolescents (over 35,000students between 12 and 17 years, the results published in 1992, indicate that the prevalence of homosexual attraction is 4.5%, finding a 10, 7% of adolescents uncertain about their sexual orientation).
In Mexico, only civil marriages are recognized by the law and all its proceedings fall under local state legislation. Same-sex marriages are legally performed in Mexico City and same-sex civilunions are legally performed in Mexico City and the northern state of Coahuila (Civil Pact of Solidarity, PSC), whose legal residents constitute 10.31% of the national population approximately. Same-sex marriages in Mexico City and same-sex civil unions in Coahuila have protected rights throughout the entire country.
In late November 2009, the leading party at the Legislative Assembly of theFederal District (ALDF), the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), announced that it is fine-tuning an amendment to the Civil Code to legalize same-sex marriage in Mexico City. A project endorsed by the local Head of Government Marcelo Ebrard but strongly opposed by the second largest political force in the country, the right-of-center National Action Party (PAN) and the Roman Catholic Church....