Standard Test Method for
Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure1
This standard is issued under the ﬁxed designation D86; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon(´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.
1. Scope* 1.1 This test method covers the atmospheric distillation of petroleum products using a laboratory batch distillation unit to determine quantitatively the boiling range characteristics of such products as light and middledistillates, automotive spark-ignition engine fuels with or without oxygenates (see Note 1), aviation gasolines, aviation turbine fuels, diesel fuels, biodiesel blends up to 20 %, marine fuels, special petroleum spirits, naphthas, white spirits, kerosines, and Grades 1 and 2 burner fuels.
NOTE 1—An interlaboratory study was conducted in 2008 involving 11 different laboratories submitting 15 data sets and15 different samples of ethanol-fuel blends containing 25 v%, 50 v%, and 75 v% ethanol. The results indicate that the repeatability limits of these samples are comparable or within the published repeatability of the method (with the exception of FBP of 75% ethanol-fuel blends). On this basis, it can be concluded that Test Method D86 is applicable to ethanol-fuel blends such as Ed75 and Ed85(Speciﬁcation D5798) or other ethanol-fuel blends with greater than 10 v% ethanol. See ASTM RR: RR:D02-1694 for supporting data.2
terial Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPA’s website—http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm—for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law. 1.6 This standarddoes not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 2. Referenced Documents 2.1 All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreement on this test method are to apply the mostrecent edition of the standards indicated below, unless otherwise speciﬁed, such as in contractual agreements or regulatory rules where earlier versions of the method(s) identiﬁed may be required. 2.2 ASTM Standards:3 D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products D323 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method) D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum andPetroleum Products D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products D4953 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends (Dry Method) D5190 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Automatic Method) D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (MiniMethod) D5798 Speciﬁcation for Fuel Ethanol (Ed70-Ed85) for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement
1.2 The test method is designed for the analysis of distillate fuels; it is not applicable to products containing appreciable quantities of residual material. 1.3 This test method covers both manual and automated instruments.1.4 Unless otherwise noted, the values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only. 1.5 WARNING—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials....