Metodos de eutanasia en animales menores

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AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia
(Formerly Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia)
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June 2007

Caution - The AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia (formerly the 2000 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia)
have been widely misinterpreted. Please note the following:  The guidelines are in no way intended to be used for human lethal injection.  The applicationof a barbiturate, paralyzing agent, and potassium chloride delivered in separate syringes or stages (the common method used for human lethal injection) is not cited in the report.  The report never mentions pancuronium bromide or Pavulon, the paralyzing agent used in human lethal injection.

AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia
(Formerly Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia)
Table ofContents

PREFACE ....................................................................................................................................................................1
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................1
GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS..............................................................................................................................3
ANIMAL BEHAVIORAL CONSIDERATIONS .....................................................................................................4
HUMAN BEHAVIORAL CONSIDERATIONS ......................................................................................................4
MODES OFACTION OF EUTHANATIZING AGENTS ......................................................................................5
INHALANT AGENTS ................................................................................................................................................6
INHALANT ANESTHETICS............................................................................................................................................6
CARBON DIOXIDE .......................................................................................................................................................7
NITROGEN, ARGON .....................................................................................................................................................9CARBON MONOXIDE ...................................................................................................................................................9
NONINHALANT PHARMACEUTICAL AGENTS..............................................................................................11
BARBITURIC ACID DERIVATIVES...............................................................................................................................11
PENTOBARBITAL COMBINATIONS .............................................................................................................................11
CHLORAL HYDRATE..................................................................................................................................................11
T-61.........................................................................................................................................................................12
TRICAINE METHANE SULFONATE (MS 222, TMS) ....................................................................................................12
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE IN CONJUNCTION WITH PRIOR GENERAL ANESTHESIA...........................................................12
UNACCEPTABLE INJECTABLE AGENTS ......................................................................................................................12
PHYSICAL METHODS ...........................................................................................................................................12
PENETRATING CAPTIVE BOLT...
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