Mexican revolution resume

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The Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution was a major armed struggle that started in 1910 with an uprising led by Francisco I. Madero against longtime autocrat Porfirio Díaz. The first of themajor revolutions of the 20th century, the Mexican Revolution was characterized by several socialist, liberal, anarchist, populist, and agrarianist movements. It progressed into a protracted andmulti-sided civil war. It produced the Mexican Constitution of 1917. The Revolution is generally considered to have lasted until 1920, although the country continued to have sporadic but comparativelyminor outbreaks of rebellion in the 1920s, with the major exception of the Cristero War. The Revolution triggered the creation of the National Revolutionary Party in 1929 (renamed the InstitutionalRevolutionary Party or PRI in 1946). Putting forward a variety of leaders, the PRI held power and led the country until the general election of 2000.

The country was engulfed in civil war, asseveral political and armed groups fought each other for control of the country. A major step towards the end of armed conflict involved the promulgation of the present Constitution of Mexico in 1917,the official end of the Revolution. Nonetheless, conflict and political unrest persisted up to the late 1920s. In 1936, President Lázaro Cárdenas arrested and deported Plutarco Elías Calles, theex-president whose continuing political power had overshadowed the three intervening presidents. This act would mark the beginning of post-revolutionary Mexico, characterized by the rule of the PartidoNacional Revolucionario founded by Calles in 1929, later known as the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI). The Mexican Revolution is distinct from the Mexican civil war (known as La Guerra Civil,Guerra de Reforma of Benito Juárez of the 1850s, and the Mexican War of Independence of 1810-1821. While the Revolution was, technically speaking, a type of civil war, in Spanish language historical...
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