EM were discovered by Dr. Teuro Higa in the University of Ryukyu in Okinawa, Japan in decades of 80’s and 90’s and some years after were investigated for other scientists and resulting were researches documents. This organic and nature biotechnology is being marketed in human health, agriculture, livestock and wastewater treatment.
What are EfficientMicroorganisms?
It is a mixed of beneficial microorganisms obtained from natural ecosystems and selected for their positive effects on crops.
The principal Probiotics are:
➢ Lactic Acid Bacterium: This is produced from sugar and other carbohydrates (those have been using for decades to produce yogurt and pickles).
➢ Yeast: Synthesize antimicrobial substances and other useful substancesrequired for plant growth, decomposition of organic matter and plant roots.
➢ Photosynthetic Bacterium: These bacteria synthesize useful substances from secretions of roots, organic matter and/or harmful gases (e.g. hydrogen sulphide), and those use the sunlight and the heat of soil as sources of energy.
Other Probiotics (Those are EM, but the principal are the last three one)
• Bifidobacterium bifidum
• Bifidobacterium longum
• Lactobacillus acidophilus
• Lactobacillus bulgaricus
• Lactobacillus casei
• Lactobacillus delbrueckii
• Lactobacillus plantarum
• Lactococcus diacetylactis
• Lactococcus lactis
• Streptococcus thermophilus
• Bacillus subtilis var natto
• Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Benefits for use EM
Lactic Acid Bacterium: is a strong sterilizing compound and suppresses of harmful microorganisms and enhances decomposition of organic matter. The Lactobacillus promotes the fermentation and cleavage of lignin and cellulose, allowing a more rapid decomposition of plant materials. Also, have the ability to prevent disease like Fusarium (Fungus).Yeast: The bioactive substances such as hormones and enzymes produced by yeasts promote active cell and root division. These secretions of substrates are also useful for effective microbes such as lactic acid bacteria and Actinomycetes (Photosynthetic bacterium).
Photosynthetic Bacterium: Promote the plant growth and development. The metabolites developed by these microorganisms are absorbeddirectly into plants and act as substrates for increasing beneficial populations. Photosynthetic Bacteria are considered the backbone of the activity of EM; they give support to other microorganisms. For example, populations of mycorrhizal root, increase for the availability of amino acids that is secreted by photosynthetic bacteria. Mycorrhizas, improve the solubility of phosphate, thus supplyingphosphorus to plants also coexist with Azotobacter and Rhizobium that fix atmospheric nitrogen.
Where can I use them?
Originally, EM was developed for use in agriculture, as an alternative to chemically-based pesticides and fertilizers. Unlike (a diferencia de) a traditional fertilizer, the purpose of EM is to increase the number of beneficial microorganisms in the soil. This improves the soil'smicrobial health and promotes a healthy environment for plants. It can also be used as a processing tool to manufacture organic fertilizers.
From crop farming, its application flowed into livestock. EM technology actually is used in livestock, including hog, cattle/dairy, and poultry. The positive effects on the livestock waste and wastewater into lagoons and rivers led the use of EM technology forenvironmental purposes including land/soil remediation and water purification. Research discovered that EM technology has very beneficial effects as an antioxidant and probiotics on the digestive system.
Use in Animal Husbandry
EM are also very successfully used in animal systems and have a very positive effect on the animals and their byproducts. Here are some of the beneficial effects:...