is a tiger subspecies native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, and has been classified as endangered by IUCN as the population is estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals with adecreasing trend. None of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes within the Bengal's tiger range is large enough to support an effective population size of 250.
The Bengal tiger is the most numerous ofthe tiger subspecies with populations estimated at 1,706 in India, 200 in Bangladesh, 155 in Nepal and 67–81 in Bhutan.
Its coat is a yellow to light orange, and the stripesrange from dark brown to black; the belly is white, and the tail is white with black rings. A mutation of the Bengal subspecies, the white tiger, has dark brown or reddish brown stripes on a whitebackground, and some are entirely white. Black tigers have tawny, yellow or white stripes on a black background color. The skin of a black tiger, recovered from smugglers, measured 259 cm (102 in) andwas displayed at the National Museum of Natural History, in New Delhi. The existence of black tigers without stripes has been reported but not substantiated.
Hunting and diet:
Tigers are obligatecarnivores. They prefer hunting large ungulates such as chital, sambar, gaur, and to a lesser extent also barasingha, water buffalo, nilgai, serow and takin. Among the medium-sized prey species theyfrequently kill wild boar, and occasionally hog deer, muntjac and Gray langur. Small prey species such as porcupines, hares and peafowl form a very small part in their diet. Due to the encroachment ofhumans onto their habitat, they also prey on domestic lives to.
Bengal tigers have also been known to take other predators, such as leopards, wolves, jackals, foxes, crocodiles, Asiatic black bears,sloth bears, and dholes as prey, although these predators are not typically a part of the tiger's diet.
Behavior and ecology
Tigers do not live in prides as lions do. They do not live as family...