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Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia.
The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific,religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the world. Moscow is the most northern city on earth with a population above 10,000,000, the most populouscity on the continent of Europe, and the seven largest city proper in the world.
Moscow is situated on the Moskova river in the central Federal district of European Russia.The city is served by an extensive transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railroad terminals, and the Moscow metro, second only to Tokyo in termsof ridership and recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich and varied architecture of its 182 stations
Moscow has a humid continental climate with warm,somewhat humid summers and long, cold winters. Typical high temperatures in the warm months of June, July and August are around 23 °C but during heat waves (which can occur betweenMay and September), daytime high temperatures often top 30 °C sometimes for a week or a two at a time. In the winter, temperatures normally drop to approximately −10 °C thoughthere can be periods of warmth with temperatures rising above 0 °C . The highest temperature ever recorded was 38.2 °C
Christianity is the predominant religion in the city, ofwhich the Russian Orthodox Church is the most popular. Moscow is Russia's capital of Orthodox Christianity, which has been the country’s traditional religion and was deemed apart of Russia's "historical heritage" in a law passed in 1997. Other religions practiced in Moscow include Islam, Protestants, Old-believers, Single-believers and Judaism.