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  • Publicado : 16 de enero de 2012
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Around Mozart
What a better way to start introducing the wonderful life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart that traveling back to the past when he was born. He was born in a very beautiful place with a lot of music and pretty landscape named Salzburg on 27 January 1756. A lucky man because her parents “Leopold Mozart” and “Anna Maria Mozart” only could have 2 of seven sons (the other five died whenthey were babies). The other survivor was her sister named “Nannel Mozart.” (Sadie, 1980)
He first was a player of the keyboard. Since he was six years old through he turned fifteen, the center of his life were the exhibition tours planned by his father. (Ottaway, 1980)
These trips were very difficult and travel conditions were not so good. The family had to wait for invitations and reimbursementfrom the nobility and they endured long, near-fatal illnesses far from home. Even when he was too young no one was able to ignore such talent. In contrast with other composers, like for example Hayden, Wolfgang’s father was a musician too. Leopold was a devoted and task-oriented teacher to both his children. He made the lessons fun, but also insisted on a strong work ethic and perfection.(“Facts”, 2009) Some of the tours planned by Leopold were in Italy, Munich, and Vienna; this last later became the place where he lived when he was at his plenty apogee.
He started composing little pieces at the age of five (his father helped him wrote them down); the first piece was Andante in C major K.1a. During his trip with his father, Mozart met a lot of important musicians. One of the most importantinfluences that he met was Johan Christian Bach, whom he met in his trip to London between 1764 and 1746.In his first visit to Paris, then was when the young boy´s interest in composing became an undoubted involvement. His responsiveness to the music based German musicians, like Schobert, Eckhardt, Raupach and others was evident in some of his violin sonatas and the piano concertos written inSlazburg in 1767.As well, in London, he reworked sonatas by J. C Bach. It is incredible to think that a ten years old child was capable of what Wolfgang was doing. When the Mozart’s returned from the grand tour the archbishop was so incredulous of Leopold´s claims that he had Wolfgang confined into a room in the “Residenz” to compose the first part of a Lenten oratorio. Wolfgang demonstrated a highdegree of competence and his setting was duly performed. The next few years Mozart composed a lot of church music. He wrote Mass in C (k. 66), best known as the “Dominicus Mass”. As well, he composed the Mass in C minor (K. 139), written in Vienna for the festive dedication of the Orphanage Church on 7 December 1768. (Ottaway, 1980). The first work for the theatre that caught people’s attention was“Bastien und Bastienne” (K. 50), a German operetta of French origin with music in the manner of comedy. He wrote more of these kind, like for example: La finta semplice (an italian comedy). In 1767, during a period he spent in Viena (before he stay there) He composed a Latin drama called “Apollo et Hyacinthus” first performed in Salzburg University. In 1770 Mozart went to Milan and there he wrotethe opera called “Mitridate re di Ponto” (K. 87). “Genius” may be the most appropriate word to describe him, due to his remarkable skills on music. The following years, Mozart continued improving his musical skills and gained respect from very important people. For example, The Pope Clement XIV conferred on Wolfbang the highest class order of the Golden Spur, an honor accordion only to onemusician before him (the great Lassus). The most impressive thing is that he was only 14 years old approximately. Mozart wrote more compositions in his third Italian journey. He wrote “Lucio Silla”, “Exultate, jubilate” (K.165), written for the castrato Whitaker the principal role in Lucio Silla, and many others. Wolfgang wrote a few of orchestral works too in this trip; symphonies, and a number...