“We should to use the time like tool, not like Vehicle”
John F. Kennedy 1917 - 1963
NASA means National Aeronautics and Space Administration. In addition the NASA is divided in different departments, which are in charge of the organization of this company. So it is the case of the R&A (Research AndAnalysis of NASA) that is in charge to the investigation and analysis of each one of the new projects to realize.
Protocols of investigation
R&A (Research & Analysis of NASA) programs develop the pioneering theories, techniques, and technologies that result in missions. These programs enable exploration of innovative concepts in sufficient depth to determinewhether they are ready for incorporation in space missions. The results of R&A also inform and guide the scientiﬁc trades and other choices that are made during the development of missions. The results of R&A also inform and guide the scientiﬁc trades and other choices that are made during the development of missions. sponsored researchers guide the operation of robotic missions, selectingtargets for observation or sampling.
R&A programs then capitalize on the new information obtained by the missions to advance understanding across the breadth of NASA science. It is R&A that turns the data returned from NASA missions into knowledge; it is this knowledge that addresses NASA’s strategic objectives. NASA cannot accomplish its mission and the objectives of the Visionfor Space Exploration without scientiﬁc R&A.
NASA-sponsored scientiﬁc R&A comprises an ever-evolving suite of individual PI-proposed investigations that cover the complete range of science disciplines and techniques essential to achieve NASA’s science and exploration objectives. The diversity of the program is one of its critical components. NASA’s R&A activities cover allaspects of basic and applied supporting research and technology in space and Earth sciences, including, but not limited to:
* Theory, modeling, and analysis of mission science data;
* Aircraft, stratospheric balloon, and suborbital rocket investigations;
* Experiment techniques suitable for future space missions;
* Conceptsfor future space missions;
* Advanced technologies relevant to future space missions;
* Techniques for and the laboratory analysis of extraterrestrial samples returned by spacecraft;
* Determination of atomic and composition parameters needed to analyze space data as well as returned samples from the Earth or space;
* Earthsurface-based observations and ﬁelds campaigns that support science missions;
* Interdisciplinary research to use ﬁndings from missions to answer science questions;
* Integrated Earth system models;
* Systems engineering approaches for applying science research data to societal needs (especially in Earth science and helophytic); and
* Appliedinformation systems research applicable to NASA objectives and data.
Once a NASA science mission launches and begins returning data, data analysis programs sponsor the analysis of scientiﬁc data returned by the mission with the goal of maximizing the scientiﬁc return from NASA’s investment in spacecraft and other data-collection sources. The data analysis program is fundamentalto achieving NASA’s science objectives. For instance, laboratory measurements, suborbital observing campaigns, and ground-based ﬁeld campaigns during and after missions greatly enhance the quality of the information that can be recovered from spacecraft data. Finally, they enable further exploration of unexpected results. Open data policies and R&A funding enable research on space mission...