Nasser and stalin regime

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World’s dictators

During the last century we were able to see several dictators throughout the world that tried to “make a change” in everybody’s life style. Even if some of the most known dictators could be found in Europe with people like Hitler, Franco and Mussolini, there were also many others world wide. For example Kenyatta and Nasser in Africa; Stalin in Russia; Perón in South America;and Castro in Latin America. Each one of them was unique in their own way but were also similar in some ways. Taking this into account, I will talk about two dictators I chose which are Stalin from Russia and Nasser from Egypt. To begin with, I will explain Nasser’s regime.

Gamal Abdel Nasser was born on January 15, 1918 in Alexandria Egypt and died September 28, 1970 in Cairo. He wanted "theeradication of imperialism, the extinction of feudalism, the destruction of capitalistic influence, and the establishment of a strong national army, of social justice, and of a sound democratic society." And for him to achieve that, he needed power. In 1949 Nasser formally organized the Free Officers with a group from among his fiends and confidantes. His objective was to end up the monarchy andinstall a new government. That is why on July 23, 1952 the Free Officers seized all government buildings, radio stations, police stations, and the army headquarters in Cairo and with this the new regime began.

Unfortunately for Nasser it wasn’t for him to become the new president but for General Muhammad Naguib, one of the leaders that participated in the coup. Coup leaders assured Great Britainthat it would respect British citizens and property in Egypt so that British wouldn’t intervene. Furthermore, the new government was backed by the US Central Intelligence Agency and the Free Officers allowed the overthrown King Farouk and his family to “leave Egypt unharmed and ‘with honor.’”

Another thing that must be taken on account is that right after the coup the post of Chairman wasgiven to Naguib as the post to Prime Minister was given to Ali Maher and he was charged with details of running the government. That was when the Free Officers transformed and formed the Egyptian Revolutionary Command Council (Egypt’s real power), but because Maher opposed agrarian reform legislation “proposed” by the Revolutionary Council he was forced to resign on September 7, 1952. This made Naguibbecome the new Prime Minister and in June 1953 he finally became President.

Nasser wanted more so on February 23, 1954 Nasser forced Naguib out of the presidency and from the Prime Minister’s office, proclaiming himself President but people supported Naguib as Prime Minister and therefore Naguib came back. However Nasser didn’t stop trying and in October 1954, taking advantage of hissolidified position in the army and the strong popularity that supported him, Nasser used as an excuse a failed assassination attempt carried out by the Muslim Brotherhood to accuse Naguib of complicity and put him under house arrest during his entire reign.

His plans were ambitious and he tried as hard as he could to accomplish all of them starting with the one he considered the most important pointof his agenda: the foreign policy. To begin with, Nasser interfered with Israeli shipping but most importantly he moved to expel the British from Egypt. Other than opposing Nasser when he established his credentials and provided an agreement with Britain for this last one to withdraw its army the from Suez Canal Zone, Britain and America rewarded Egypt with a $40 million economic grant. Plus a $58million supply in 1955 to finance the construction of the Aswan High Dam.

A further goal he intended to achieve was a union between Syria and Egypt. This union, according to Nasser, would provide Egypt with unquestioned supremacy in the Arab world because Syria, sharing Egypt's anti-Western attitude, was weaker facing both external threats and an unstable internal political situation but...
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