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  • Publicado : 16 de enero de 2011
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TYPICAL |
1. One says that an oration is in ACTIVE VOICE when the meaning of the verb is produced by the grammar person to whom that one talks about:
Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires.
(Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires). |
2. One says that an oration is in PASSIVE VOICE when the meaning of the verb is received by the grammar person to whom that one talks about:
Buenos Aires wasfounded by Pedro de Mendoza.
(Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza). |
3. To forms with the aid of the verb sees and the past participle of the verb that is conjugated. |
4. The complement of the active oration happens to subject of the passive one. Like in Castilian, the subject of the active one can be conserved like subject agent. |
5. When a verb has two complements can be madetwo structures of passive:
a) To book was sent to Tom by Mr. Smith, a book was sent to Tom by Mr. Smith.
b) Tom was sent to book by Mr. Smith (passive idiomatic). This structure is not possible in Castilian.  |
MODEL OF VERB IN PASSIVE VOICE
TO SEES SEEN = TO BE SEEN |

PRESENT
Is a.m. seen, I am seen
you plows seen, you are seen
there are is seen, is seen
we plows seen, we are seen
youplows seen, you are seen
they plows seen, are seen

PERFECT PAST
Is have been seen, I have been seen
you have been seen, you have been seen
I have you have been seen, has been seen
we have been seen, we have been seen
you have been seen, you have been seen
they have been seen, have been seen | HAPPENED
Was seen, I was seen
you were seen, you were seen
there am was seen, was seen
wewere seen, we were seen
you were seen, you were seen
they were seen, were seen

FUTURE
I shall sees seen, I will be seen
you will sees seen, you will be seen
there am will sees seen, will be seen
we shall sees seen, we will be seen
you will sees seen, you will be seen
they will sees seen, will be seen |

PAST PLUSCUAMPERFECTO:  Is had been seen, had been seen
CONDITIONAL:  I shouldsees seen, would be seen
PERFECT FUTURE:  Is shall have been seen, I will have been seen
CONDITIONAL PERFECT:  Is should have been seen, would have been seen |
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ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE: RULES YOU PRACTICE IN 4 STEPS. |

1. The passive voice forms with the verb to sees conjugated plus the participle of the main verb. In English he is much more frequent that in Spanish and,normally, appears when it is not important who conducts a battle but the fact in himself. For that reason, not whenever we see a passive one, we must translate it literally, since in Spanish sounds more forced. The use of the passive voice with transitive verb is only possible (verbs that take direct complement). |

ACTIVE VOICE
Tom writes to letter
Tom is writing to letter
Tom was writingto letter
Tom wrote to letter
Tom you have written to letter
Tom had written to letter
Tom will write to letter
Tom is going to write to letter
Tom dog write to letter
Tom could write to letter
Tom must write to letter
Tom may write to letter
Tom might write to letter | PASSIVE VOICE
To letter is they written by Tom
To letter is being written by Tom
To letter was being written by TomTo letter was they written by Tom
To letter you have been written by Tom
To letter had they been written by Tom
Letter will it sees written by Tom
Letter is going to sees written by Tom
Letter dog it sees written by Tom
Letter could it sees written by Tom
Letter must it sees written by Tom
Letter may it sees written…
Letter might it sees written… |

2. The subject agent expressesitself with by. Nevertheless, in the majority of the occasions he does without himself the subject since he does not interest to know to us who exactly executes the action. If an active oration has direct and indirect complement, either complements can be subject patient of the passive one: IT ACTIVATES: Someone gives me to dog
PASSIVE 1: To dog is they given to me
PASSIVE 2: Is a.m. given to dog...
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