At the end of XIX century, the Great Russian Empire was ruledby one of the most powerful dynasties, the Romanovs. In 1894, the son of Czar Alexander II, Nicholas II, came to power. He wanted to continue the politics of his father at all costs, “an autocratic,Orthodox, national country”. However, before Nicholas II could see everything he wanted to do with Russia, he was forced to quit his sovereignty. This paper will show what causes this to happen andwhat important consequences had in Russia.
Soon after he was named czar, Nicolas II started a Russian industrialization process to be at the same level as the Occidental Europe. This advances includednew taxes, foreign investments, development of the heavy industry (mostly steel) and the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway, which would connect eastern Russia and western Russia. Nevertheless,this industrial growth brought new complications; there were terrible working conditions, very low payment, child labor and, very importantly, a great gap between rich and poor.
Because of this gap,several revolutionary groups began to grow inspired by the Marxist ideas, which basically established that proletariat would be able to overthrow the czar and worker class would triumph. These RussianMarxists split in two groups in 1903: Mensheviks (with popular support), and Bolsheviks (that were a committed revolutionaries), these last, leaded by Vladimir Lenin.
The next 13 years, Russiaexperienced a period full of wars, disagreements and revolts. First the russo-japanese war in 1904, then the Bloody Sunday Revolution in 1905, in which workers trooped to Winter Palace asking for betterworking conditions, taking in response communal murder, and also the one that accelerate the creation of the first Duma –or parliament- that only lasted ten weeks. And for last, the First World War, to...