Nikola Tesla (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was aSerbian-American inventor, mechanical engineer, and electrical engineer. He was an importantcontributor to the birth of commercial electricity, and is best known for developing the modern alternating current (AC) electrical supply system. His many revolutionary developments in the fieldof electromagnetism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were based on the theories of electromagnetic technology discovered byMichael Faraday. Tesla's patents and theoretical work also formed the basis ofwireless communication and the radio.
Born an ethnic Serb in the village of Smiljan (now part of Gospić), in the Croatian Military Frontier of the Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia), Tesla was asubject of the Austrian Empire by birth and later became an American citizen. Because of his 1894 demonstration of wireless communication through radioand as the eventual victor in the "War of Currents",he was widely respected as one of the greatest electrical engineers who worked in America. He pioneered modern electrical engineering and many of his discoveries were of groundbreaking importance. Inthe United States during this time, Tesla's fame rivaled that of any other inventor or scientist in history or popular culture. Tesla demonstrated wireless energy transfer to power electronicdevices in 1891, and aspired to intercontinental wireless transmission of industrial power in his unfinished Wardenclyffe Tower project.
He died without much money to his name.
The SI unitmeasuring magnetic field B (also referred to as the magnetic flux density andmagnetic induction), the tesla, was named in his honor (at the CGPM, Paris, 1960).
Nikola Tesla was born to Serbian parents in the village of Smiljan, Austrian Empire near the town of Gospić, in the territory of modern-day Croatia. His baptismal certificate reports...