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The Scottish people (Scots Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically they emerged from an amalgamation of the Picts and Gaels, incorporatingneighbouring Britons to the south as well as invading Germanic peoples such as the Anglo-Saxons and the Norse.

In modern use, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic,cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from within Scotland. The Latin word Scotti[15] originally applied to a particular, 5th century, Goidelic tribe that inhabited Ireland.[16] Thoughusually considered archaic or pejorative,[17] the term Scotch has also been used for the Scottish people, but this use is now primarily by people outwith Scotland.[18][19]

There are people of Scottishdescent in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrialdecline and unemployment, resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and NewZealand. There is a Scottish presence at a particularly high rate in Canada, which has the second largest population of descended Scots ancestry, after the United States. They took with them their Scottishlanguages and culture.[20]

Scotland has seen migration and settlement of peoples at different periods in its history. The Dalriadic Gaels, the Picts and the Britons had respective origin myths, likemost Middle Ages European peoples.[21] Germanic people such as Angles and Saxons arrived beginning in the 7th century while the Norse settled many regions of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. Inthe High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Many famous Scottish family names, including those...
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