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Fall Protection in Construction
U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA 3146 1998(Revised)

This informational booklet is intended to provide a generic, nonexhaustive overview of a particular standards-related topic. This publication does not itself alter or determine compliance responsibilities, which are set forth in OSHA standards themselves, and theOccupational Safety and Health Act. Moreover, because interpretations and enforcement policy may change over time, for additional guidance on OSHA compliance requirements, the reader should consult current administrative interpretations and decisions by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts. Material contained in this publication is in the public domain and may bereproduced, fully or partially, without the permission of the Federal Government. Source credit is requested but not required. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice Phone: (202) 219-8615; Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.

Fall Protection in Construction

Fall Protection in Construction
U.S.Department of Labor Alexis M. Herman, Secretary Occupational Safety and Health Administration Charles N. Jeffress, Assistant Secretary OSHA 3146 1998 (Revised)

Fall Protection in Construction

Contents

iii

Page Why Does OSHA Have a Standard for Fall Protection? ......... 1 What Does the Fall Protection Standard Cover? .................. 2 What Are the Requirements of the Standard?...................... 4 Controlled Access Zones ....................................................... 4 Excavations ............................................................................ 6 Fall Protection Systems Criteria and Practices ...................... 6 Covers .. 6 Guardrail Systems.............................................................. 7 Personal Fall Arrest Systems............................................. 9 Positioning Device Systems ............................................ 11 Safety Monitoring Systems ............................................. 11 Safety Net Systems .......................................................... 12 Warning Line Systems ..................................................... 14 Formwork and Reinforcing Steel........................................ 15 Hoist Areas .......................................................................... 15 Holes ........ 15 Leading Edges ..................................................................... 15 Overhand Bricklaying and Related Work ............................ 16 Precast Concrete Erection .................................................... 16 Protection From FallingObjects.......................................... 16 Canopies .......................................................................... 17 Toeboards......................................................................... 17 Training.... 17 Residential Construction ..................................................... 18 Ramps, Runways, and Other Walkways .............................. 19 Roofing .... 19Low-Slope Roofs ............................................................. 19 Steep Roofs ...................................................................... 19 Wall Openings ..................................................................... 19

Contents

iv

Contents (Continued)

Page What Other Help Can OSHA Provide? .................................. 20 Safety and HealthProgram Management Guidelines.......... 20 State Programs ..................................................................... 20 Free Onsite Consultation ..................................................... 21 Voluntary Protection Programs ............................................ 21 Training and Education........................................................ 22 Electronic Information...
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