Literal meanings for nouns almost always begin with words such as 'a', 'an', 'the', 'that which', or 'one who'. Different types of noun suffixes have slightly different meanings.
*General noun suffixes just tell you 'this is a noun'.
* Abstract nouns often refer to abstract concepts or entities that are a result of some action.
* Agent nouns refer to the person orentitiy which performs an action.
* Locative nouns refer to places.
* Medical terms often have suffixes that indicate specific medical conditions.
Noun-Forming Suffixes |
Suffix form | SuffixMeanings | Example | Literal meaning |
-ic | 'a thing''a substance''one that is related to''that which pertains to' | topic | 'that which pertains to a place' |
-ment | | segment | 'athing which is cut' |
-s | | pathos | 'the feeling' |
-um | | album | 'a white thing' |
-ure | | nature | 'the properties of something present from birth' |
-ence /-ance | 'anact of''a state of''the process of''the result of' | prominence | 'the result of jutting forth' |
-ion | | action | 'the result of acting' |
-ive | | missive | 'the result of sending' (or'that which was sent') |
-sis | | genesis | 'the process of birth' ('the beginning') |
-y | | biology | 'the act of studying living things' (or 'the study of life forms') |
-ism | 'the belief''thepractice' | baptism | 'the practice of dipping' |
-ity | [name of a quality] | verity | 'the quality of being true' |
-ate | 'one who''that which' | advocate | 'one who speaks toward(for) something' |
-er / -or | | worker | 'one who works' |
-ent / -ant | | servant | 'one who serves' |
-ist | 'one who engages in a belief or practice' | communist | 'one who practicescommunism' |
-arium | 'a place where' | aquarium | 'a place where water is' |
-ary / -ory | | dormitory | 'a place for sleeping' |
-ia | 'the land''the area' | suburbia | 'the land...