ESTADO,PROVINCIA O REGION
Estado – New South Wales
Sydney Opera House
AREA DE LA PROPIEDAD
La casa de la Opera de Sydney es un gran trabajo de ingenio y creatividad humana, una obra de magnífica de arquitectura e ingeniería. Representa un conjunto tan grande de tantos campos trabajados y unidos de una manera impresionante,como lo no solamente la arquitectura e ingeniería, sino también de escultura, paisajismo y urbanismo.
Es una icono de como la arquitectura puede reconstruir la visión e identidad de una ciudad por medio de un edificio emblemático.
The Sydney Opera House is a great architectural work of the 20th century. Its values are best demonstrated through the speciﬁc characteristics of its architectureand will be discussed under the following headings: multiple strands of creativity, a great urban sculpture and a world famous iconic building.
The Sydney Opera House is one of the most popular visitor attractions in Australia. It is featured in promotional materials prepared by Tourism New South Wales and Tourism Australia as a symbol of the city of Sydney and an emblem of Australia. More thanfour million people visit the site each year and it is estimated that this ﬁgure will increase by approximately 4.5 per cent per annum.
Utzon’s design represented an exceptional response to the challenges set by the 1956 international competition and clearly marked him out from the other entrants. His composition was based on a simple opposition of three groups of interlocking shell vaultsresting on a heavy terraced platform. This arrangement helped to give the building a sculptural appearance that could be experienced and appreciated from land, sea and air as one moved around the building. The beautiful shells juxtaposed against the massive podium were radically new and particularly impressed the jury. Utzon’s composition also created a unique design for a concert hall that has beendescribed as ‘original to the point of being revolutionary. Utzon’s unique design was acclaimed as the work of a genius in Australia and internationally but it also attracted critics. The competition jury was convinced that Utzon’s design was ‘the most original and creative submission … capable of being one of the great buildings of the world’ (New South Wales Government).
The Sydney OperaHouse, with its soaring white shells set upon a massive podium and encircled by harbour waters, is a spectacular sight—a monumental urban sculpture, from whatever angle it is viewed by day or night. Sited on a prominent peninsula in Sydney Harbour, with a backdrop of city skyscrapers and the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the design of the Sydney Opera House expressed the genius of Jørn Utzon. Theconstruction site was characterized by an outpouring of plans and drawings, the building and testing of numerous prototypes, and architects and engineers working together over months and even years to solve the many complex challenges that arose.
Utzon’s design was also a brilliant response to the cultural purpose of a performing arts centre, a place that excites the human imagination. It did not justprovide a new performing arts venue but offered the dream of a cultural centre for the city, a place in which the imaginative life and culture of the people might ﬂourish.
Justiﬁcation for inscription
The sculptural form of the Sydney Opera House has stimulated a richness of imagery and metaphors in popular culture and architectural history. It invites both playful and serious comparisons withall manner of things. American architectural historian Charles Jencks has analyzed the ‘superabundance’ of the building’s metaphorical associations, varying from the sublime to the humorous. These
include not only sails and shells, but also clouds, space ships, ﬂowers unfolding, turtles making love, barnacles, the glistening skin of ﬁsh scales.
The success of the building can also be...