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CHAPTER 1

GETTING TO KNOW THE TOEFL
WHAT IS THE TOEFL? The TOEFL is a comprehensive English language examination required by more than 3,000 colleges and universities in the United States, Canada, and other parts of the world. In addition, foreign born professionals frequently need a TOEFL score for certification to practice their profession in the United States or Canada. The TOEFL is atimed test that consists of the three sections listed here. THE TOEFL Listening Comprehension Statements Short Dialogs Minitalks and Extended Conversations Structure and Written Expression Structure Written Expression Section 3 Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension Vocabulary Reading Comprehension

Section 1 Part A Part B Part C Section 2

50 questions 35 minutes 20 questions 15 questions 15questions 40 questions 25 minutes 15 questions 25 questions 60 questions 45 minutes 30 questions 30 questions

SECTION 1: LISTENING COMPREHENSION This section of the TOEFL test your ability to understand spoken American English. You will hear taped conversations to which you will make responses. Part A and B contain samples of informal American English. Idiomatic expressions and two-word verbs arecommon in these parts.
Single Statement

In Part A you will hear a single statement made by a man or a woman. In your test booklet, there are four sentences. You must choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the one you heard. YOU WILL HEAR: To get to the post office, cross the street, go three blocks, and you'll see it right on the corner. YOU WILL SEE: (A) The post office is right onthe corner. (B) The post office is at the next corner. (C) The post office has a cross near it. (D) The post office is three blocks away. The correct choice is, which most closely gives the same meaning as the sentence you heard. It is important for you to know that if similar sounding words or the same words appear in an answer choice, that answer choice is seldom correct.
Short Dialogs

Part Bcontains short dialogs followed by a question about what the people said in their conversation. Generally, key information is found in the second speaker's sentence. You will need to understand the meaning of the conversation and also the context , such as the time or place in which it could occur. The correct choice directly answers the question. YOU WILL HERE: (Man Did you get to go shoppinglast night'? (Woman) They'd already locked the doors by the time

I got there. (Man) What does the woman mean? YOU WILL SEE: (A) She arrived in time to shop. (B) She was too late. (C) She locked the doors. (D) She had to buy the door. The correct choice is. Since the doors were locked when she arrived, she could not have gone shopping. Note that the other choices use words heard in theconversation. Choices that contain such words are usually not correct.
Extended Conversation / Minitalks

In Part C you will hear an extended conversation or a minitalk. The English in this section is generally more formal and academic, typical of English conversation or lectures that take place in a university or college setting. After each conversation or minitalk, there are between four and eightspoken questions about its content. Choose your answer from among the four choices that appear in your test book-let. Look at the example here. YOU WILL HERE: Man: Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to this tour of one of the nation's most important cities, Chicago. Before we begin, I'd like to give you some background information that will make the tour more enjoyable for you. The city wasfounded in 1837. Its strategic location on Lake Michigan quickly made it the center of commerce for the Midwest section of the country. It is currently the third largest metropolitan area In the United States. The city's site is generally level, built mostly on glacial plain. The narrow Chicago River extends one mile inland from Lake Michigan, where it splits, dividing the city into North, West,...
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